Red-lored amazon

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Red-lored amazon
Amazona autumnalis -Xcaret theme park -Riviera Maya-8a.jpg
At Xcaret Eco Park, Mexico
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Species:
A. autumnalis
Binomial name
Amazona autumnalis
Amazona autumnalis map.svg
Synonyms

Psittacus autumnalis Linnaeus, 1758

A. a. salvini at Cana Blanca Wildlife Sanctuary, Costa Rica
A captive-bred red-lored parrot chick at the age of 6 weeks
A pet juvenile in Costa Rica
A. a. salvini
feeding in the wild, Panama

The red-lored amazon or red-lored parrot (Amazona autumnalis) is a species of amazon parrot, native to tropical regions of the Americas, from eastern Mexico south to Ecuador where it occurs in humid evergreen to semi-deciduous forests up to 1,100 m altitude. It is absent from the Pacific side of Central America north of Costa Rica. Not originally known from El Salvador, a pair - perhaps escaped from captivity - nested successfully in 1995 and 1996 in the outskirts of San Salvador[2] and the species might expand its range permanently into that country in the future.[3] This species has also established feral populations in several California cities.[4]

Description[edit]

The red-lored amazon is 32–35 cm (13 in) in length, with a weight of 310–480 g. The plumage is primarily green, with a red forehead and, in some subspecies, yellow cheeks (sometimes with red spots). The crown is blue. Adult males and females do not differ in plumage. Juveniles have less yellow on the cheeks, less red on the forehead, and dark irises.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are three subspecies:[5]

  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis (Linnaeus, 1758). Caribbean coasts from eastern Mexico south to northern Nicaragua.
  • A. a. salvini (Salvadori, 1891). Northern Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela.
  • A. a. lilacina (Lesson, 1844), the lilacine amazon. Western Ecuador.

Behavior[edit]

Food and feeding[edit]

Their food includes fruits,[6] nuts and seeds. Like all parrots, red-lored amazons need a varied diet consisting of high quality pellets, a quality seed mix, and daily servings of fresh, bird-safe fruits and vegetables.

Breeding[edit]

The red-lored amazon nests in tree cavities. The eggs are white and there are usually three or four in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about 26 days and the chicks leave the nest about 60 days after hatching.[7]

Status[edit]

In some areas, notably parts of Mexico and Venezuela, the red-lored amazon has become rare through trapping for the cagebird trade. On the other hand, it seems to be able to adapt to human-altered habitat to a considerable degree.[3]

Aviculture[edit]

Red-lored amazons are fairly common pet parrots in the Americas. They can be devoted pets and some make fairly good talkers. Like most amazon parrots they often have a tendency to vocalize loudly, and sometimes to bite. Their behavior ranges from being quiet and curious to being aggressive, this can all be changed by basic training when the bird is of a young age. Red-lored amazons can grow up to 13 inches in length. While they largely feast on seeds, fruits and nuts, avocados and eggplants are poisonous to them and can kill them. Their average life span is up to 80 years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona autumnalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ At San Jacinto Hill, 13°42'N 89°08'W: Herrera et al. (2006).
  3. ^ a b Herrera et al. (2006)
  4. ^ "Flock Information". California Flocks. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  5. ^ "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.004)". www.zoonomen.net. 2008-07-05.
  6. ^ E.g. of Cymbopetalum mayanum (Annonaceae), Gumbo-limbo (Bursera simaruba), mango (Mangifera indica), figs (Ficus spp.) and palo de hule (Castilla elastica): Herrera et al. (2006), Forster (2007).
  7. ^ Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 233. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.

External links[edit]