Karrabina benthamiana

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Karrabina benthamiana
Geissois benthamiana - buttress roots Sept 17 1995.jpg
Red Carabeen - buttressed roots, Wilson River, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Oxalidales
Family: Cunoniaceae
Genus: Karrabina
Species: K. benthamiana
Binomial name
Karrabina benthamiana
(F.Muell.) Rozefelds & H.C.Hopkins[1][2]
Synonyms[1]
  • Geissois benthamiana F.Muell.[3]
  • Geissois benthami spelling variant by F.Muell.[4]
  • Weinmannia benthamiana (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
  • Geissois benthamii spelling variant by A.D.Chapm.

Karrabina benthamiana is a species of rainforest trees, growing naturally in north–eastern New South Wales and south–eastern Queensland (mid. eastern coastal region), Australia. They have common names including Red Carabeen, Leather Jacket, Brush Mahogany, Red Bean, Pink Marara and Brush Mararie.[1] This species used to be placed in the genus Geissois as Geissois benthamiana.

Habitat[edit]

Common in warm temperate and sub tropical rainforest areas, often seen in mountain gullies. It grows from near the Manning River area in New South Wales to near Tamborine Mountain, south eastern Queensland.[5]

Description[edit]

The Red Carabeen is a large tree to around 35 metres tall, and 140 cm in diameter. The trunk is round in cross section and often buttressed at the base. Bark is a wrinkly brown.

Leaves are pinnate and opposite with three leaflets. Leaflets significantly toothed. 5 to 15 cm long, smooth and green on both surfaces, darker above. New growth is bright red.

The midrib and lateral leaf veins are evident on both surfaces, conspicuously raised beneath. Twelve to sixteen net veins ending in a leaf tooth.

Flowers appear from October to January being yellow, in a slender raceme. The fruit is a downy capsule; almost cylindrical. Several flat seeds in each cell of the two cells in the capsule. Ripe from May to August, or irregular. Unlike many Australian rainforest trees, seed germination occurs rapidly. –source:[5]

Red Carabeen foliage from Nightcap National Park, Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni-format/display/244540
  2. ^ Hopkins, H. C. F.; Rozefelds, A. C.; Pillon, Y. (18 Oct 2013). "Karrabina gen. nov. (Cunoniaceae), for the Australian species previously placed in Geissois, and a synopsis of genera in the tribe Geissoieae". Australian Systematic Botany. 26 (3): 167–185. doi:10.1071/SB12037. Retrieved 23 Dec 2013. 
  3. ^ Mueller, Ferdinand von (April 1865). "Weinmannia Biagiana; Geissois Biagiana F. M. coll. [–only as synonym]; G. Benthamiana [–in notes, and valid]". XXXI (Digitised archive copy, online, from bhl.ala.org.au). Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae. 5. p. 16. Retrieved 21 June 2013. Lay summaryAPNI, quotation: "Geissois benthamiana F.Muell. … Mueller validates the name in notes under Weinmannia biagiana by reference to "Bth. Flor. Austr. ii. 446". G. Bentham, Fl. Austral. 2: 445-446 (1865) provides a description but does not name the species.". 
  4. ^ Mueller, Ferdinand von (Dec 1866). "Geissois Benthami [–spelling variant only, synonym, and giving a full description]; G. Biagiana [–in notes also, and a valid combination]". XXXIX (Digitised archive copy, online, from bhl.ala.org.au). Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae. 5. p. 180. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2