Red Stripe

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Red Stripe
Red Stripe
ManufacturerDesnoes & Geddes
Introduced1928
Alcohol by volume4.7%
StyleLager

Red Stripe is a 4.7% ABV pale lager brewed by Desnoes & Geddes in Jamaica. It was first introduced in 1928 from a recipe developed by Paul H. Geddes, and Bill Martindale. It is brewed under license in the UK and USA. In 1993, Guinness Brewing Worldwide, now Diageo, acquired a controlling interest in Desnoes & Geddes, and took over international distribution in many markets. In 2015, Heineken acquired Diageo's stake and stated it would launch an offer for the shares it did not own.[1]

History[edit]

Bottle of Red Stripe

Red Stripe was first produced in the early 1930s by the Galena Brewing Company in Galena, Illinois.[2] The company sold the recipe to British investors after facing financial troubles. The investors brought the brand and recipe to Jamaica.[3] Red Stripe was brewed under license in the UK from Desnoes and Geddes by the Bedford-based brewers, Charles Wells from 1976 until 2014, when Diageo made alternative supply arrangements. [4]

In 1985, the brand was first imported to the United States. In 1993, 51 percent ownership in Desnoes & Geddes Limited was purchased by Guinness Brewing Worldwide, now Diageo, an acquisition that significantly increased the international distribution of both Red Stripe and Dragon Stout. A new Red Stripe Light has also been added which is brewed and bottled in Jamaica and imported by Guinness in Stamford, Connecticut.[5]

United States[edit]

In 1985, the brand was first imported to the United States with poor initial results. With an eye towards the success of Heineken, Red Stripe for export was packaged in green standard 12 U.S. fl oz (355 mL; 12.5 imp fl oz) bottles. American consumers exposed to Red Stripe through their travels to Jamaica as well as Jamaican expatriates were reluctant to try the brand in the States since it was not packaged in its distinctive squat brown bottle and painted label. This marketing issue was resolved only to have shipments temporarily suspended in January 1989 due to cannabis smuggling in shipping containers discovered in the Port of Miami.[6] Red Stripe recovered and rode the popularity of dance hall and reggae in the early 1990s to well over a million cases of annual distribution. Red Stripe is a significant sponsor of reggae, ska, and other music events, including the annual Reggae Sumfest hosted in Montego Bay.

Diageo introduced canned Red Stripe, brewed under contract by Moosehead in New Brunswick, Canada, to the United States market in 2009.[7]

In the U.S. in 2010, the bottling size was reduced from a typical 12 oz. per serving to 11.2 oz. per serving which is equivalent to the typical metric serving of 0.33L.

In 2012, Diageo moved production of the U.S. supply of Red Stripe from Jamaica to the U.S.; The supply is produced by City Brewing Co. in La Crosse, Wisconsin and the Latrobe Brewing Company in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, which was the main brewery for Rolling Rock for over 60 years. Desnoes & Geddes will still make Red Stripe for Jamaica, Brazil, Canada and Europe.[8]

On September 7, 2016 the company celebrated the shipment of the first container of Red Stripe to be exported to the United States from Jamaica in 4 years. The company says this historic move is core to the company's mission of re-establishing Jamaica as the global hub for the iconic Jamaican brand.

Advertising[edit]

In North America, a television advertising campaign launched in 2001 features Dorrel Salmon playing a comedic take on a Jamaican man, using variations on the catch phrase, "Hooray, beer!"[9] In the UK, the advertising campaign plays on the 'easy vibe' of Jamaican Beer, with catch phrases such as "easy now."

Sponsorship[edit]

Red Stripe has been an intermittent sponsor of the Jamaica national bobsled team.[10] In February 2018, following turmoil within the Jamaica Olympic women’s bobsled team, Red Stripe stepped in at the last minute to sponsor a new bobsled so that the team could compete in the Pyeongchang 2018 Olympics as planned.[11]

Other major sporting sponsorship activities have included a commitment as the Caribbean regional sponsor for the 2007 Cricket World Cup [12] and a J$100 million sponsorship commitment to the Jamaican Football Federation in support of the national team's regional qualifying efforts for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[13]

In 2007, under the guidance of brand manager Jonny Kirkham, Red Stripe initiated a campaign in the UK to support new music by sponsoring events such as the Camden Crawl and The Great Escape festivals, as well as hosting a number of free music events with artists such as The View and The Rifles. Recent work with new bands puts this initiative in direct competition with the likes of Carling as a featured sponsor of the underground music scene. In support of this promotional strategy, the Red Stripe Music Awards were initiated between 2007 and 2010, with the winner of the award receiving featured billing at two music festivals, Blissfields and The Great Escape, and the opportunity to tour with a high-profile act.[14] Winners of the award included The Runners, Ben Howard, Klaus Says Buy The Record, and The Laurel Collective, while judges ranged from musicians such as Guy Garvey, music journalists and brand representatives from Red Stripe. As a result, brand sales grew significantly with Red Stripe becoming available throughout Camden, Manchester, Glasgow, Brighton and in key music venues across the UK.[citation needed] During this period, Red Stripe continued to be the unofficial beer of the Notting Hill Carnival which it has been since 1976.[citation needed]

Writer and music festival PR Alex Lee Thomson also presented a series of web based interviews for the brand during their sponsorship periods of Camden Crawl and The Great Escape festivals in the UK, while editing their music-based website.[citation needed]

Red Stripe sponsors sports talk television program Pardon the Interruption during the summer months, alternating with Guinness.[citation needed] Also recently Red Stripe began sponsoring the International Festival of Thumb Wrestling held annually in Mason City, Iowa.[citation needed] Red Stripe also sponsored Ignite Urban competition along with SUM Entertainment[15].

Red Stripe Light has also been announced as the official beer category Major Sponsor for the 2010 Zwack Air Hockey World Championships taking place in July 2010 in Houston, Texas.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perri, Celeste (October 7, 2015). "Heineken Buys Brewing Stakes From Diageo for $781 Million". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  2. ^ Fechner, Jason. "Barley, hops and history in Galena, Illinois". WQAD. WQAD. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  3. ^ Kruse, John. "Galena Brewing Company holds secret history of Red Stripe". The Telegraph Herald. The Telegraph Herald. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Charles Wells Annual Review 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-29.
  5. ^ Desnoes and Geddes Limited: Information and Much More from Answers.com
  6. ^ "Industry sluggishness hits import category. (beer)".
  7. ^ Drinks Examiner, examiner.com, 29 May 2009 "Canned Red Stripe bound for US"
  8. ^ ""Diageo moving production of Red Stripe US supply"". Business Week. October 5, 2011. Archived from the original on 2016-03-11.
  9. ^ Dill, Mallorre (27 August 2001). "Simply Red". Brandweek. Archived from the original on 2008-03-19.
  10. ^ Horovitz, Bruce (29 August 2004). "Jamaican bobsledders race to find marketers, sponsorship". USA TODAY.
  11. ^ "Red Stripe Buys Jamaican Team A New Bobsled After Coach Quits". Huffington Post. February 16, 2018.
  12. ^ Sport Industry Group - Where sport meets business - Diageo strikes Cricket World Cup deal
  13. ^ Flynn, LeVaughn (December 7, 2006). "Reggae Boyz living red!". The Jamaica Star Online. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  14. ^ Colothan, Scott (7 December 2006). "Looking for the finest fresh talent..." Gigwise. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  15. ^ "Red Stripe, SUM Entertainment Enlist Nelly to Help 'Ignite' Talent Search". Billboard. March 30, 2017.
  16. ^ "Air Hockey World's Announcement of 2010 World Championship Sponsors". Air Hockey World. Retrieved 2018-10-27.

External links[edit]