Reformed Industrial Commercial Union
The RICU was founded in 1946 by Charles Mzingeli, who had previously been active in the Southern Rhodesian branch of the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union. Formed at a time when trade unions were banned from organising black African workers, the RICU was generally more militant than other black African nationalist organisations at the time, such as the National African Congress. The RICU was active in agitating for improved housing, wages and living standards for the black urban populations in major centres, such as Salisbury and Bulawayo, and was instrumental in opposing the Native (Urban Areas) Accommodation and Registration Act of 1946. The RICU helped organise the African General Strike of 1948 in Bulawayo. The RICU was also opposed to the establishment of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, fearing it would further cement white minority rule.
The RICU, through Mzingeli, was involved in the campaign led by the Inter-racial Association of Southern Rhodesia (IASR) to amend the Industrial Conciliation Act of 1934 to allow the formation of multi-racial and African trade unions.
The position of the RICU as the leading black African nationalist organisation in Southern Rhodesia was supplanted in the 1950s by more militant groups such as the City Youth League and Southern Rhodesia African National Congress (SRANC).
- Hancock, Ian (1984). White Liberals, Moderates and Radicals in Rhodesia 1953-1980. London & Sydney: Croom Helm. p. 18. ISBN 0-312-86778-6. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Vambe, Lawrence (1976). From Rhodesia to Zimbabwe. London: Heinemann. ISBN 9780822933175. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Hancock, Ian (1984). White Liberals, Moderates and Radicals in Rhodesia 1953-1980. London & Sydney: Croom Helm. p. 50. ISBN 0-312-86778-6. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
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