Republic Day (Turkey)

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Republic Day
10th Anniversary Speech.jpg
Mustafa Kemal's 1933 Speech at the 10th Anniversary of the Republic of Turkey, left to right: Chief of General Staff Mareşal Fevzi (Çakmak), President Gazi Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), Speaker of the Grand National Assembly Kâzım Köprülü (Özalp), Prime Minister İsmet (İnönü).
Observed by  Turkey
 Northern Cyprus
Type National
Celebrations Parades, events at schools and cultural programmes
Date 29 October
Next time 29 October 2015 (2015-10-29)
Frequency annual

The Republic Day of Turkey (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Bayramı) is one of the public holidays in Turkey and Northern Cyprus, commemorating the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. It lasts 35 hours, starting each year at 1:00 pm on 28 October.[1]

The holiday commemorates the events of 29 October 1923, when Mustafa Kemal declared that Turkey was henceforth a republic. Turkey had de facto been a republic since 23 April 1920, the date of the establishment of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, but the official confirmation of this fact came only three-and-a-half years later. On 29 October 1923, the status of the nation as a republic was declared and its official name was proclaimed to be Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ("the Republic of Turkey"). After that, a vote was held in the Grand National Assembly, and Atatürk was elected as the first President of the Republic of Turkey.


  1. ^ Marat Terterov, Turkey: A Business And Investment Review, GMB Publishing Ltd, 2006, p. 94.

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