Rhäzüns

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Rhäzüns
Rhäzüns village
Rhäzüns village
Coat of arms of Rhäzüns
Coat of arms
Rhäzüns is located in Switzerland
Rhäzüns
Rhäzüns
Rhäzüns is located in Canton of Graubünden
Rhäzüns
Rhäzüns
Coordinates: 46°48′N 9°24′E / 46.800°N 9.400°E / 46.800; 9.400Coordinates: 46°48′N 9°24′E / 46.800°N 9.400°E / 46.800; 9.400
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Imboden
Area[1]
 • Total 13.38 km2 (5.17 sq mi)
Elevation 657 m (2,156 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 1,425
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Postal code 7403
SFOS number 3723
Website www.rhaezuens.ch
SFSO statistics

Rhäzüns is a municipality in the Imboden Region in the Swiss canton of Grisons.

History[edit]

Rhäzüns is first mentioned about 840 as Raezunne.[3]

Geography[edit]

Rhäzüns Schloss and Rhäzüns village

Rhäzüns has an area, as of 2006, of 13.3 km2 (5.1 sq mi). Of this area, 23.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 69.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rhäzüns sub-district, of the Imboden district, after 2017 it was part of the Imboden Region. It consists of the linear village of Rhäzüns in the valley between Bonaduz and the narrow entrance to the Domleschg valley.

Demographics[edit]

Rhäzüns has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 1,425.[2] As of 2008, 15.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 0.3%.[4]

Illusion painted on a house in Rhäzüns

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Rhäzüns is; 191 people or 15.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 80 people or 6.7% are 10 to 14, and 69 people or 5.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 130 people or 10.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 192 people or 16.0% are 30 to 39, 203 people or 16.9% are 40 to 49, and 143 people or 11.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 90 people or 7.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 81 people or 6.7% are 70 to 79, there are 22 people or 1.8% who are 80 to 89.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (23.2%), the SPS (21.9%) and the FDP (18.6%).[4]

In Rhäzüns about 74.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Rhäzüns has an unemployment rate of 1.35%. As of 2005, there were 27 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 178 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 16 businesses in this sector. 112 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 29 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 741 or 61.7% are Roman Catholic, while 280 or 23.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 11 individuals (or about 0.92% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 63 (or about 5.25% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 9 individuals (or about 0.75% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 55 (or about 4.58% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 42 individuals (or about 3.50% of the population) did not answer the question.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][5]

year population
1850 508
1900 495
1950 774
1960 776
1970 903
1980 958
1990 1,018
2000 1,201

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (79.4%), with Romansh being second most common (10.1%) and Italian being third ( 3.3%).[4]

Languages in Rhäzüns
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 486 50.73% 736 72.30% 953 79.35%
Romansh 369 38.52% 374 36.74% 121 10.07%
Italian 82 8.56% 48 4.72% 40 3.33%
Population 958 100% 1018 100% 1201 100%

Products[edit]

It is known for its mineral water brand Rhäzünser and the beer Rhäzünser Pils.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Baselgia S. Gieri/St. George's Church frescos and the baselgia S. Paul\St. Paul's Church are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Rhaetian Railway operate services to Rhäzüns (Rhaetian Railway station).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Rhäzüns in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 08-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 08-Oct-2009


External links[edit]