Rhipidocladum

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Rhipidocladum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Arthrostylidiinae
Genus: Rhipidocladum
McClure
Type species
Rhipidocladum harmonicum
(Parodi) McClure[1]

Rhipidocladum is a genus of New World woody bamboo in the grass family).[2][1] It found in Mesoamerica, Trinidad, and South America. The genus is characterized by 1) erect, non-pseudopetiolate culm leaves, 2) numerous branchlets arising in an apsidate (fan-like) array, and 3) fruits being true caryopses. The name is derived from the Greek rhipid meaning "fanlike" and clad meaning "branch".[3]

Species[4][5][6]
  1. Rhipidocladum abregoensis - Norte de Santander
  2. Rhipidocladum ampliflorum - Venezuela
  3. Rhipidocladum angustiflorum - Colombia, Venezuela
  4. Rhipidocladum bartlettii - Chiapas, Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras
  5. Rhipidocladum clarkiae - Costa Rica
  6. Rhipidocladum harmonicum - from southern Mexico to Bolivia
  7. Rhipidocladum martinezii - Chiapas
  8. Rhipidocladum maxonii - Costa Rica, Guyana
  9. Rhipidocladum neumannii - Argentina (Salta, Tucumán), Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
  10. Rhipidocladum pacuarense - Nicaragua, Costa Rica
  11. Rhipidocladum panamense - Panamá
  12. Rhipidocladum parviflorum - Venezuela, Colombia, Perú, Bolivia, Brazil, Panamá
  13. Rhipidocladum pittieri - from Michoacán to Panamá
  14. Rhipidocladum prestoei - Trinidad
  15. Rhipidocladum racemiflorum - from Tucumán to Tamaulipas
  16. Rhipidocladum sibilans - Venezuela, Guyana
formerly included[4]

see Actinocladum Didymogonyx

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tropicos, Rhipidocladum McClure
  2. ^ McClure, Floyd Alonzo. 1973. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 9: 101, f. 42
  3. ^ McClure, F.A. 1973. Genera of bamboos native to the New World (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 9: 1--148.
  4. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Filgueiras, T. S. & A. P. Santos-Gonçalves. 2004. A checklist of the basal grasses and bamboos in Brazil (Poaceae). Journal of the American Bamboo Society 18(1): 7–18
  6. ^ Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 9. Rhipidocladum McClure. 6: 199–201. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F..