Rhus sandwicensis

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Rhus sandwicensis
Starr 060221-6048 Rhus sandwicensis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Rhus
Species: R. sandwicensis
Binomial name
Rhus sandwicensis

Rhus chinensis var. sandwicensis (A.Gray) Deg. & Greenwell
Rhus semialata var. sandwicensis (A.Gray) Engler[1]

Rhus sandwicensis, commonly known as neneleau,[2] neleau or Hawaiian sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae, that is endemic to Hawaii. It is small tree, reaching a height of 4.5–7.5 m (15–25 ft) and a trunk diameter of 10–30 cm (3.9–11.8 in). Neneleau inhabits dry, coastal mesic, mixed mesic and wet forests at elevations of 180–610 m (590–2,000 ft) on all main islands.[1]


Neneleau wood was used by Native Hawaiians to make laʻau lomi lomi (massage sticks) and ʻumeke (calabashes).[3]

Cultural significance[edit]

Neneleau is mentioned in the Kumulipo, the Hawaiian creation chant.[3]


  1. ^ a b Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Neneleau, Hawaiian sumac" (PDF). Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced). United States Forest Service. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  2. ^ "Rhus sandwicensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Medeiros, A. C.; C.F. Davenport; C.G. Chimera (1998). "Auwahi: Ethnobotany of a Hawaiian Dryland Forest" (PDF). Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa: 35–36. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Rhus sandwicensis at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Rhus sandwicensis at Wikispecies