Ribes velutinum

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Desert gooseberry
Ribes velutinum 5.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
Species: R. velutinum
Binomial name
Ribes velutinum
Greene [1]
Varieties

Ribes velutinum var. gooddingii (M.Peck) C.L.Hitchc. [2][3]

Synonyms[4]
  • Grossularia velutina (Greene) Coville & Britton

Ribes velutinum is a species of currant known by the common name desert gooseberry. It is native to the western United States (Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Utah, Nevada, California, and Arizona),[5][6] where it grows in many types of habitat, including sagebrush, woodlands, and pine forests. Ribes velutinum var. goodingii (Gooding's gooseberry) is confined to the states of Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Nevada and California.[2]

Ribes velutinum is a spreading shrub with a thick, arching, multibranched stem growing up to 2 meters (80 inches) long. Nodes along the stems are armed with spines which may reach 2 centimeters (0.8 inch) in length. These are spines, not prickles, as they are derived from leaf material rather than from the plant epidermis (skin). The thick, leathery leaves have generally rounded blades divided shallowly into three or five lobes and dotted with glandular hairs. The small blades are borne on petioles. The inflorescence is a solitary flower or raceme of up to four flowers. Each small flower is a tube of white or yellowish sepals with smaller, similarly colored petals inside. The fruit is an edible berry one half to one centimeter (0.2-0.4 inch) wide which ripens yellow, then reddish or purple.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^  Species was first described and published in the Bulletin of the California Academy of Sciences 1(3): 83. 1885. "Plant Name Details for Ribes velutinum". IPNI. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Profile for Ribes velutinum variety goodingii (Gooding's gooseberry)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  3. ^  Ribes velutinum var. goodingii was published in Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest 3: 84. 1961. "Plant Name Details for Ribes velutinum var. goodingii". IPNI. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  4. ^ Tropicos, Ribes velutinum Greene
  5. ^ "Profile for Ribes velutinum (desert gooseberry)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  7. ^ Flora of North America, Ribes velutinum
  8. ^ Greene, Edward Lee 1885. Bulletin of the California Academy of Sciences 1(3): 83–84

External links[edit]