Rio Comprido, Rio de Janeiro
|State||Rio de Janeiro (RJ)|
|Municipality/City||Rio de Janeiro|
The name Rio Comprido is derived from the central Rio Comprido which pass through it. The river, which is currently canalized and completely degraded, empties into Guanabara Bay. The name Rio Comprido means Long River.
In the 17th century the Rio Comprido valley produced sugarcane, flowed off by a warehouse in embarkations which conducted it to the bay. In the 19th century, the sugar farming was replaced by coffee farming. The neighborhood was settled by Englishmen, being known until the beginning of the 20th century as Chácara dos Ingleses (Englishmen Small Ranch).
When the Paulo de Frontin viaduct was opened, it gave access to Rebouças tunnel and to the city's southern zone, turning Rio Comprido into a passageway neighborhood, currently surrounded by lower income communities, such as Turano, Fogueteiro, Querosene, Fallet, Coroa, São Carlos and Mineira, which suffer from violence and social exclusion.
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- Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent Portuguese-language Wikipedia article (retrieved August 20, 2005).
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