Rival Factions is the sixth studio album by Project 86. The album peaked at No. 124 on the Billboard 200 and at No. 5 on Billboard's Top Christian Albums. This album is their first without previous drummer Alex Albert, with Jason Gerken from Shiner and Open Hand playing drums. Although originally scheduled for release on June 5, 2007, the release was pushed back to June 19.
"The Kane Mutiny", a track that was mentioned in some early track listings for the album, was announced to be part of the iTunes download, as a bonus. Shortly thereafter, Project 86 announced that they were investigating ways to make the track available to all those who had pre-ordered the album, and in a few weeks had made it available on their MySpace page. It was later announced on August 23, 2007 that it was to be the title track of The Kane Mutiny EP, released on November 27. The album's sound was much different than their previous albums, as it dropped the band's signature alternative metal sound in favor of a significant '80s alternative rock sound consisting of influences of new wave, post-punk, and even gothic rock.