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Riyaz (also Riyaaz) is a Hindustani term used for music practice, for honing of Hindustani classical music vocal as well as instrument skills in the Indian subcontinent.[1][2] It is known as Sadhakam or Sadhana in Carnatic music.[3][4] It is followed rigorously by the students as well as exponents of vocal as well as dancing forms.

The practice[edit]

The Riyaaz or Sadhakam, which often starts early in the morning at four,[5] is taken seriously by the students for it requires intensity, discipline and commitment for years and forms an important component in the Guru - Shishya parampara (teacher-student tradition).[6]

In Carnatic music, the impression is that the assiduous sadhakam of the Trinity of Carnatic Music was the bedrock of the excellence of the old-world vidwans.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Art school: (propositions for the 21st century). MIT Press. 2009. p. 76. ISBN 0-262-13493-4.
  2. ^ Sadanand Naimpalli (2005). Theory and practice of tabla. Popular Prakashan. p. 51. ISBN 81-7991-149-7.
  3. ^ "The Riyaz Shows". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Talas of Virtuosity". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Bonding with the Gurus". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Music is the only Constant in my life:Asha Bhosle". Indian Express. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Bakti and sadhaka - Pillars of Excellence". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 January 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • The shaping of an ideal Carnatic musician through sādhana - Pantula Rama

External links[edit]