Robert Pesquet (9 April 1917 – 11 December 2010) was a French politician.
In 1959, Pesquet was imprisoned for his role in activities on behalf of the Organisation armée secrète and he was also implicated in a failed assassination attempt against François Mitterrand, which became known as the Observatory Affair. Having fled to Portugal, he secretly returned, pretending to be a carpenter. In 2003, he attempted a political comeback at the age of 86.
- "Robert Pesquet" (in French). Assemblée nationale.
- Robert Pesquet, Mon vrai faux attentat contre Mitterrand: La vérité sur l'affaire de l'Observatoire (in French), Michel Lafon, Paris, 1995, 235 p. (ISBN 2-84098-075-4)
- Paxton, Robert O. (28 June 1987). "The Mitterrand Mystery". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2010.