Robert Trent Jones
|Robert Trent Jones, Sr.|
June 20, 1906|
|Died||June 14, 2000
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
|Children||Robert Trent Jones, Jr. and Rees Jones|
|Awards||World Golf Hall of Fame
Old Tom Morris Award
Robert Trent Jones, Sr. (June 20, 1906 – June 14, 2000) was an English–American golf course architect who designed or re-designed more than 500 golf courses in 45 U.S. states and 35 countries. In reference to this, Jones took pride in saying, "The sun never sets on a Robert Trent Jones golf course." Jones received the 1987 Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA's highest honor. Also in 1987, he was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame.
Early life and education
Robert Trent Jones was born on June 20, 1906, in Ince-in-Makerfield, England, to Welsh parents. At age five or six, Jones immigrated with his parents to the United States, where they arrived in East Rochester, New York. Jones worked as a caddy at The Country Club of Rochester and accepted a job as golf professional at Sodus Bay Heights Golf Club in nearby Sodus Point, New York. He met Donald Ross as a youth and, taking up the game, recorded the best score of all the amateur golfers at the 1927 Canadian Open and set a course record at Rochester.
While working as a golf professional, Jones attended Cornell University, undergoing a customized course of study that would allow him to pursue his interest in golf course design, during which time he designed nine holes of the university's golf course, now known as the Robert Trent Jones Golf Course at Cornell University (he designed the other nine holes in 1954).
Jones went into business with Canadian architect Stanley Thompson after concluding his studies at Cornell, and with him designed courses in Canada. Following his partnership with Thompson, Jones went into business on his own and began designing local courses in the United States in the 1930s. Many of these, such as the 1936 course at Green Lakes State Park (see photo), were built using labor provided by the Works Progress Administration.
Shortly after World War II, Jones got his first major assignment designing the Peachtree Golf Club in Atlanta in collaboration with golf legend Bobby Jones. At Bobby Jones' request, Jones redesigned the 11th and 16th holes at Augusta National Golf Club. Despite the similarity of their names, the two men were not related. To make this distinction clear, Robert began using the middle name "Trent" shortly afterward.
In 1955, Gene Hamm helped Jones build the Duke University Golf Course in Durham, North Carolina. He moved from there to Delaware to continue work with Jones, and then in 1959 moved back to Raleigh where he began his own design career. During the 1950s, Jones' annual income was reported as being $600,000—according to Golf Digest, no one other than Ben Hogan earned more money from golf at that time.
Jones' clients included U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, for a putting green at the White House and a single hole at Camp David, as well as the Rockefeller family, Aga Khan and Hassan II of Morocco, for private courses. He was commissioned in 1990 to design a set of 18 courses in Alabama, the Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, the largest single golf design contract in history.
Jones was married to Ione Jones, who died in 1987 and with whom he had two sons: Robert Jr. and Rees, both of whom became golf course architects. Jones continued to design golf courses in his later years until health problems prompted him to retire to Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, where he died on June 14, 2000.
Listed below is a non-exhaustive selection of golf courses that are original designs by Jones, as well as re-designs of existing courses. The year next to each denotes the year the course opened for play.
- Midvale Country Club, Penfield, New York, 1931
- Punta Borinquen Golf Club, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, 1940
- West Point Golf Course, West Point, New York, 1946
- Point O'Woods Golf & Country Club, Benton Harbor, Michigan, 1958
- Bellerive Country Club, Town and Country, Missouri, 1960
- Hazeltine National Golf Club, Chaska, Minnesota, 1962
- North Hills Country Club, Manhasset, New York, 1963
- Hominy Hill Golf Course, Colts Neck, New Jersey, 1964
- Spyglass Hill, Pebble Beach, California, 1966
- Firestone Country Club North Course, Akron, Ohio, 1969
- Port Royal Golf Course, Southampton, Bermuda, 1970
- Valderrama Golf Club, Cadiz, Spain, 1974
- Country Club of North Carolina Cardinal Course, Pinehurst, North Carolina, 1981
- MetroWest Golf Club, Orlando, Florida, 1987
- Robert Trent Jones Golf Club, Gainesville, Virginia, 1991
- Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, Alabama, 1992–2005
- Adare Golf Club, Limerick, Ireland, 1995
- Marshes Golf Club, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
- Cacapon Resort State Park, Berkeley Springs, West Virginia
- Southern Highlands Golf Club, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 1999
- Augusta National Golf Club (11th and 16th holes), Augusta, Georgia, 1947, 1950
- Congressional Country Club Blue Course, Bethesda, Maryland, 1959, 1964
- Country Club of North Carolina Dogwood Course, Pinehurst, North Carolina, 1980
- Baltusrol Golf Club Lower Course, Springfield, New Jersey, 1952
- Olympic Club Lake Course, San Francisco, California, 1954
- Oak Hill-East, Rochester, New York, 1955, 1967
- Firestone Country Club South Course, Akron, Ohio, 1960
- Broadmoor Golf Club West Course (7th–14th holes), Colorado Springs, Colorado, 1964
- Montauk Downs, Montauk, New York, 1968
- Firestone-South, Akron, Ohio, 1969
- The Greens at North Hills, Sherwood, Arkansas
- Anderson, Dave (16 June 2000). "Robert Trent Jones Sr., Golf Course Architect Who Made Mark on U.S. Open, Is Dead at 93". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "A Short Biography of Robert Trent Jones, Sr.". Robert Trent Jones Society. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Robert Trent Jones Sr.". The Telegraph. 19 June 2000. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Cornish, Geoffrey S.; Whitten, Ronald E. (1993). "Robert Trent Jones (1906 - 2000)". The Architects of Golf. Harper-Collins. ISBN 0-06-270082-0. Archived from the original on 13 August 2007.
- "2001 - Gene Hamm". PGA Carolinas - Hall of Fame. Professional Golfers' Association. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Gene Hamm Course". Indiana Wells Golf Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Whitten, Ron. "Commemorative". Golf Digest. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "About Midvale". Midvale Country Club. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- "West Point Golf Course". Army West Point Athletics. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "About the Point". Point O'Woods Golf & Country Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "History of Bellerive Country Club". Bellerive Country Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "History". Hazeltine National Golf Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "North Hills Country Club". Long Island Golf News. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Moriarty, Jim (1991). Tee Off: America's Most Challenging Public Golf Courses (illustrated ed.). Crescent Books. p. 64. ISBN 9780517065747. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Spyglass Hill Golf Course". Pebble Beach Resorts. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Courses - North Course". Firestone Country Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Course". Port Royal Golf Course. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Real Club Valderrama". Sotogrande Andalucia. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Davis, William H. (1991). The World's Best Golf. Pocket Books. p. 86. ISBN 9780671725556. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Golf at Cacapon Resort State Park". Cacapon Resort State Park. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Courses - South Course". Firestone Country Club. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "West Course". The Broadmoor. Retrieved 7 July 2016.