Robert V. Whitlow
Whitlow in his P-51 which bears markings from his two aerial kills on November 26, 1944
November 7, 1918|
|Died||July 11, 1997
Harbor Point, Michigan
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|1947||El Colegio Militar de Mexico|
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
Colonel Robert V. Whitlow (November 7, 1918 – July 11, 1997) was an American military officer, football coach, university athletic director, and sports club executive. He served as the first head football coach and athletic director of the United States Air Force Academy in 1955. Whitlow had a twenty-year career in the United States Air Force, and during World War II, saw combat as both a bomber and fighter pilot. After his military service, he worked for the Chicago Cubs baseball franchise as its first "athletic director."
Early life and education
Whitlow was born in Calwa, California on November 7, 1918 to Victor and Elizabeth (née Drenth) Whitlow. He attended Fairfax High School and the University of California, Los Angeles. Whitlow then went on to the United States Military Academy, where he earned letters in football as a tackle, baseball as a pitcher, and basketball. On October 13, 1942, he pitched five innings as the starter against the New York Giants, and when he was removed from the game, the score was a 2–2 stalemate. He started again on May 27 against Navy, and helped Army to a 10–3 win, its first of the series since 1914. Whitlow earned his pilot wings as a first class cadet (senior), and was assigned to heavy bombers because of his large stature after graduating in January 1943.
Whitlow served in the Second World War and saw aerial combat, initially as a B-24 Liberator pilot with the 458th Bombardment Group. He later piloted P-51 Mustangs on reconnaissance missions with the Eighth Air Force Scouting Group. In 1944, The Los Angeles Times reported on one of his aerial engagements in which he shot down a German Focke-Wulf 190 fighter. All told, he logged 550 combat hours over the course of one bomber and three fighter tours, and destroyed eight enemy aircraft. Whitlow received the Silver Star, four Distinguished Flying Crosses, and eight Air Medals.
In the late 1940s, Major Whitlow served as an assistant coach for the Army football team at the United States Military Academy. In 1947, while assigned to the Air Staff at the Pentagon, Whitlow was selected for an officer exchange with the Mexican military academy, El Colegio Militar de Mexico. His duties there included coaching the Mexican cadets in football. Whitlow guided a Mexican team to victory against an American team from Randolph Air Force Base, which included Doc Blanchard and Arnold Tucker, in a December game he organized in Mexico City called the "Silver Bowl". He was awarded the Mérito Militar de Mexico.
Air Force Academy
In 1955, Whitlow was appointed the head football coach and athletic director at the newly created United States Air Force Academy. He served in that role for one season, and was replaced by Lawrence "Buck" Shaw. After the 1956 Air Force football team went 6–2–1, athletic director Whitlow turned down a bid offered for the Junior Rose Bowl. He wired the bowl organizers to inform them that the superintendent, Major General James Briggs, had "disapproved participation of [the] Air Force Academy football team in post-season competition" after consulting with The Pentagon.
In 1957, his three-year tour of duty ended, and he was reassigned within the Air Force. In the 1960s, he held assignments in Germany and France. Whitlow was then assigned to Air Defense Sector, Montana and qualified on the F-101 Voodoo fighter.
Whitlow retired from the U.S. Air Force in 1963 at the rank of colonel, and was appointed as "athletic director" of the Chicago Cubs baseball club. The position was created as part of the College of Coaches experiment, and outranked general manager John Holland. The unique arrangement was widely ridiculed by people associated with the franchise. One of his contributions was the installation of weight training equipment in the team's clubhouse, an uncommon practice at the time. Whitlow remained with the organization for two years.
In the 1980s, Whitlow was the president of the "Arizona Firebirds", a group of investors that sought to bring a National Football League expansion franchise to Phoenix. In 1984, commenting on widespread speculation that the Philadelphia Eagles would relocate to Arizona, Whitlow said, "Until they're actually here, I won't accept it ... I'm really very surprised that anything is this close, especially because they don't have their own place to play. This doesn't seem very wise from the Eagles' point of view." Whitlow also owned the Phoenix Roadrunners minor league hockey team.
- Robert V. Whitlow, West Point Association of Graduates, retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Army-Navy Battle Creates Interest Here; Many Local Grids Perform Busik, Howie Clark Among Top Players in Service Classic, Los Angeles Times, p. 23, November 25, 1941.
- Wisecracking Angeleno Marine Keeps Sense of Humor in Battle; Los Angeles Pilot Downs Two Japs in Less Than Minute, Los Angeles Times, p. 8, December 31, 1944.
- Mexican Team Wins Silver Bowl Contest, Reading Eagle, December 21, 1947.
- 77 Airmen Report For Grid Duty, The Tuscaloosa News, September 8, 1955.
- Air Force Rejects Junior Bowl Offer, Sarasota Herald-Tribune, November 19, 1956.
- Air Academy Replaces Whitlow, The Los Angeles Times, p. A3, June 1, 1957.
- Portrait of Whitlow: A West Point Man; Portrait of Newest Cub in the Den, Chicago Daily Tribune, p. C1, January 11, 1963.
- New Cub 'Director' Looks Up from 9th, Sees Pennant, Chicago Daily Tribune, January 16, 1963.
- Baseball Digest, Vol. 66, No. 2, p. 18, May 2007, Lakeside Publishing Co., ISSN 0005-609X.
- Jerome Holtzman and George Vass, Baseball, Chicago Style: A Tale of Two Teams, One City, pp. 259–260, Bonus Books, Inc., 2001, ISBN 1-56625-170-2.
- College of coaches got failing grade from AD Whitlow, Chicago Tribune, February 20, 1994.
- Joe Frazier arrested on gun charge, Providence Journal, p. B3, January 13, 1984.
- Eagles' move to Phoenix seems almost sure, Boca Raton News, December 12, 1984.
- Founders see a hot future with pecan-shell briquets, Arizona Daily Star, August 17, 1994.