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|Developer(s)||Pekka Klärck, Janne Härkönen et al.|
|Initial release||2.0 June 24, 2008|
3.0 / December 31, 2015
|Type||Software testing framework / Test tool|
|License||Apache License 2.0|
The Robot Framework is a generic test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). It is a keyword-driven testing framework that uses tabular test data syntax.
The basic ideas for the Robot Framework were shaped in the Pekka Klärck's masters thesis in 2005. The first version was developed at Nokia Networks the same year. Version 2.0 was released as open source software June 24, 2008 and version 2.8.4 was released February 7, 2014.
Test cases are written using keyword testing methodology written in a tabular format. These tables can be written in plain text, HTML, tab-separated values (TSV), or reStructuredText (reST) formats files in any text editor or using the Robot Integrated Development Environment (RIDE). RIDE simplifies writing test cases by providing framework specific code completion, syntax highlighting, etc.
The following test case implements a Hello World example:
This can be written as follows:
*** Test Cases *** Demo Log Hello World
Log is a built-in keyword that logs the given parameter to the test report generated by the Robot Framework.
|Input Text||id=lst-ib||Hollywood Celebrities|
|Click Button||Google Search|
This test opens a new Internet Explorer browser window and performs an internet search.
- "Robot Framework Homepage". Robotframework.org. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Laukkanen, Pekka: "Data-Driven and Keyword-Driven Test Automation Frameworks", 2006". Eliga.fi. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Robot Framework Downloads Page". Robotframework.org. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
- "User Guide 2.8.4". Robotframework.org. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
- "RIDE Homepage". Github.com. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Robot Selenium Library". Code.google.com. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- Project Website
- An Introduction to Test Automation Design by Lisa Crispin
- Command Line Testing With The Robot Framework by Alessandro Collino
- Driving Development with Tests: ATDD and TDD by Elisabeth Hendrickson
- Writing Maintainable Automated Acceptance Tests by Dale H. Emery
- Usage of Robot Framework in Automation of Functional Test Regression by Stanislav Stresnjak and Zeljko Hocenski
- Selenium Meet-Up April 20, 2010 Elisabeth Hendrickson on Robot Framework
- Robot Framework: Semicolon-free testing by Filip Noetzel