Spa Park (Zdraviliški park),
in the center of Rogaška Slatina
|• Total||5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||223.6 m (733.6 ft)|
Rogaška Slatina (pronounced [ɾɔˈɡaːʃka ˈslaːtina] (listen); German: Rohitsch-Sauerbrunn) is a town in eastern Slovenia. It is the largest settlement and the centre of the Municipality of Rogaška Slatina. It is known for its curative mineral water, spa, and crystal glass.
The name Rogaška Slatina literally means 'Rogatec springs', referring to a source of mineral water. The springs were dubbed Roitschocrene 'Rogatec springs' (< Greek κρήνη crene 'spring') in 1687 by Johann Benedikt Gründel. The settlement was known as Rohitsch-Sauerbrunn or Sauerbrunn Curort in German (and in older sources also Roitscher Sauerbrunn). Older sources also contain the Slovene names Slatina Zdravišče and Slatina Rogačka.
The Rogaška Slatina area was inhabited in antiquity, and a Roman road led to the settlement. A document from the Archbishopric of Salzburg dating from 1141 mentions a Roman stone next to a spring in the settlement. The 16th-century alchemist Leonhard Thurneysser was the first to describe the spring. The spring was also described by the imperial physician Paul de Sorbait in 1679, by the Carniolan physician Marko Gerbec circa 1700, and by Joseph Karl Kindermann in his 1798 history of Styria (Repertorium der steiermärkischen Geschichte, Geographie, Topographie, Statistik und Naturhistorie). The historian Rudolf Gustav Puff described Rogaška Slatina in a special publication, and 24 lithographs of the town were created by the artist Josip Reiterer in the early 19th century. The chemist Adolf Režek set up a small chemistry laboratory in Rogaška Slatina in 1931 and published various material about the town.
Rogaška Slatina is the site of two known mass graves from the period immediately after the Second World War. The Sovinec Ravine Mass Grave (Slovene: Sovinčev graben) is located in the southeast part of the town, in a ravine above the railroad tracks. It contains the remains of 18 to 20 Croatians that were hunted down and murdered at the site in May and June 1945. The Flower Hill Mass Grave (Grobišče Cvetlični hrib) lies east of the town and is believed to occupy the entire ravine below the former Triglav Hotel. It contains the remains of an unknown number of victims murdered after the war and/or victims murdered by the Nazis during the war.
Rogaška Slatina is a synonym for health-resort tourism in Slovenia. For centuries the curative mineral water rich in magnesium (branded as Donat Mg), the picturesque countryside, and other local attractions have attracted visitors to the area. Roman inscriptions referring to the spa waters have been found. A wooden fence was built around the spring in the 17th century, and the water flowed through a wooden trough. The castle lord Peter de Curti built an inn at the site in 1676 and charged people to visit the springs. At that time the water was also bottled in bottles produced by a nearby glass works.
The parish church in the town is dedicated to the Holy Cross and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Celje. The current structure at the site was built between 1864 and 1866 in a Neo-Romanesque style. The earliest mention of a church at the site is in a manuscript from 1304, although the church predated that time. That building was Romanesque, and it was razed in 1863 to make way for today's church.
Another church, next to the village of Prnek, is dedicated to the Holy Trinity. It also belongs to the Parish of Rogaška Slatina. It was built in the 17th century and contains a gold-plated altar dating to between 1650 and 1675. The rest of the internal furnishings are from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Notable people that were born or lived in Rogaška Slatina include:
- Hilarij Froelich (1811–1878), medical writer
- Franjo Kolterer (1888–1964), medical writer
- Avgust Lavrenčič (1925–1996), painter and scenographer
- Ela Peroci (1922–2001), children's writer
- Miloš Verk (1890–1952), cartographer
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 4: Štajersko. 1904. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 248.
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 379–380.
- Gründel, Johann Benedikt. 1687. Roitschocrene, Das ist: Außführliche Beschreibung Deß In Unter-Steyer weit-berühmbten Roitischen Sauerbrunn. Graz: Widmannstetter.
- "Nichts über eine gute Hausmannskost." 1840. Der bayerische Volksfreund 68 (20 March), p. 541.
- Savnik, Roman (1976). Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 3. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije. pp. 385–386.
- Ferenc, Mitja; Kovačec-Naglič, Ksenija (2005). Prikrito in očem zakrito: prikrita grobišča 60 let po koncu druge svetovne vojne. Celje: Muzej novejše zgodovine Celje. p. 52. ISBN 961-6339-10-9.
- Siter, Saniel (2019). Rogaška Slatina v obdobju nemške okupacije (1941–1945) (Master's thesis). Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za zgodovino. pp. 237–238. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
- Sovinec Ravine Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
- Flower Hill Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
- Rogaška Slatina municipal site
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3080
- Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3081
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