Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cape Town

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The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Cape Town (Latin: Archidioecesis Civitatis Capitis) is a Latin archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the south-western part of South Africa. The archdiocese's motherchurch and its archbishop's see is the cathedral of St. Mary of the Flight into Egypt, whois also the archbishopric's patron feast.

The archdiocese is headed by the Archbishop of Cape Town, the Most Reverend Archbishop Stephen Brislin. As of 2013 the Archbishop-elect of Cape Town was Stephen Brislin, having been appointed by Pope Benedict XVI on 18 December 2009. He succeeded Archbishop Emeritus Lawrence Patrick Henry.

History[edit]

It was erected as the Apostolic Vicariate of Cape of Good Hope (and adjacent territories) on 18 June 1818 by Pope Pius VII, on territories split off from the then Territorial Prelature of Mozambique and Diocese of Tomé.

On 4 April 1819, it gained territory from the suppressed Apostolic Prefecture of New Holland.

It repeatedly lost territory, to establish: in 1834 the Apostolic Vicariate of New Holland and Van Diemen's Land and again on 6 June 1837 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Mauritius.

It was renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Cape of Good Hope, Western District on 30 July 1847, losing territory to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Cape of Good Hope, Eastern District.

On 3 August 1874, it lost territory to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Cape of Good Hope, Central District.

It was renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Cape Town on 13 June 1939.

Pope Pius XII elevated it to the rank of a metropolitan archdiocese on 11 January 1951.

On 18 August 1986, it lost territory to establish the Mission sui juris of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha off its Atlantic Coast.

Extent[edit]

The geographical area of Cape Town is divided up into 80 parishes. Each parish is obliged to have its own pastoral council as well as a finance council. Representatives from these parish councils - as well as of other bodies - together form the Archdiocesan Pastoral Council, whose task it is to advise the archbishop in certain matters.

In total the archdiocese covers an area of 30 892 square kilometres with a total population of 3 324 539 people, of whom 215187 are Catholics. The administrative centre of the archdiocese is called a chancery and is located at 12 Bouquet Street in Cape Town.

Its postal address is P O Box 2910, Cape Town, 8000. The telephone number for all departments in the chancery is (021) 462-2417; the fax number is (021) 461-9330 and the e-mail address is infoatcatholic- ct.org.za

The archdiocese is centred on the city of Cape Town and includes the southernmost tip of the continent of Africa; its area is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the southern boundaries of the Van Rhynsdorp district, on the east by the western boundaries of the Calvinia, Ceres, Tulbagh, Worcester, Robertson and Swellendam districts, and on the south by the Indian Ocean. The civil districts within the ecclesiastical area of the archdiocese are the districts of Cape, Wynberg, Simon's Town, Bellville, Somerset West, Stellenbosch, Paarl, Wellington, Caledon, Bredasdorp, Malmesbury, Piketberg and Clanwilliam.

About the Most Reverend Stephen Brislin, Archbishop of Cape Town: Born in Welkom on 24 September 1956. Schooling at St Agnes' Convent, Welkom andCBC, Welkom Seminary: Philosophy at St John Vianney,Pretoria and Theology at the MissionaryInstitute, London Ordained a priest on 19 November 1983. Ordained Bishop of Kroonstad on 28 January 2007. Installed as Archbishop of Cape Town on 7 February 2010, on the Solemnity of Our Lady of the Flight into Egypt, thepatronal feast of the Archdiocese of Cape Town.

Context[edit]

The Catholic Church throughout the world is divided into administrative units called dioceses. Each diocese is headed by a bishop. In some cases (as in South Africa) those dioceses which are of greater importance are called archdioceses and are headed by an archbishop. In South Africa there are five such archdioceses, one of which is Cape Town. Each diocesan bishop in the world (ecclesiastically called an ordinary to distinguish him from other bishops who work in an administrative capacity) is responsible directly to the Pope. In order to facilitate and co-ordinate various matters of national interest such as seminaries, the bishops of South Africa are associated into the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference (SACBC). This conference is affiliated to two other such conferences: IMBISA (the Inter-regional Meeting of Bishops of Southern Africa) and SECAM (the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar). A representative of the Pope was appointed in 1922 as the Apostolic Delegate. In 1994 the Holy See (the diocese of Rome and the Papal administration) and South Africa established diplomatic relations, setting up an Apostolic Nunciature for the Holy Seein Pretoria and a South African Embassy in the Vatican.

To help him administer the Archdiocese of Cape Town, the Archbishop has appointed two vicars general.

A chancellor is appointed in each diocese, whose task it is to act as a notary or someone who authenticates any official document which the archbishop might issue. To help in the ministry of the various departments of the Archdiocese of Cape Town, a number of priests have been appointed as vicars or heads of those departments. Together with an equal number of other priests elected by the priests serving in Cape Town, these constitute the presbyteral council, and it is from this body that the archbishop chooses his consultors or advisors.

In order to co-ordinate the pastoral function of the various parishes in Cape Town, five deans have been elected by the priests as their spokesmen in certain matters. The body of deacons constitutes the Council of Deacons and the Archbishop appoints a co-ordinator as a liaison between himself and the deacons.

Province[edit]

The ecclesiastical province comprises the Metropolitan's own archdiocese and the suffragan sees :

Ordinaries of Cape Town[edit]

all Roman Rite

Apostolic Vicars of Cape of Good Hope and adjacent territories
Apostolic Vicars of Cape of Good Hope, Western District
Apostolic Vicars of Cape Town
Metropolitan Archbishops of Cape Town

See also[edit]

Sources and External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°55′42″S 18°25′10″E / 33.92833°S 18.41944°E / -33.92833; 18.41944