|Alternative names||Rosół z kury, Rosół królewski, Rosół myśliwski|
|Place of origin||Poland|
|Main ingredients||Chicken, noodle, broth|
Rosół listen (help·info) is a traditional Polish meat soup. Its most popular variety is the rosół z kury, or clear chicken soup. It is commonly served with capellini pasta. A vegetarian version can be made, substituting meat with oil or butter.
It is one of the most popular Polish soups and is served during family dinners as well as a traditional soup for weddings. It is also said to be a great remedy if one catches a cold. The name "rosół" derives from a dish made of salted meat (an old conservation method) cooked in water to make it more edible. Later on, fresh meat was used instead. Over time the dish evolved to that of cooked meat in a soup that is commonly known today.
There are many types of rosół, as: Rosół Królewski (The royal rosół), made of three meats: beef or veal, white poultry (hen, turkey or chicken) and dark poultry as duck, goose (crob only), just a couple of dried king boletes, one single cabbage leaf and a variety of vegetables such as parsley, celery, carrot, and leek. The cooking must take at least six hours of sensitive boiling over a small fire. At the end, softly burnt onion is added to the soup.
Rosół myśliwski (The hunter's rosół) is made of a variety of wild birds as well as pheasant, capercaillie, wood grouse, black grouse, or grey partridge, with a small addition of roe deer meat, a couple of wild mushrooms, and 2-3 juniper fruits. Instead of wild poultry, helmeted guinea fowl can also be used.
The most important thing about making rosół is that there can be no addition of pork, since that would no longer make the broth clear. It cannot be boiled too quickly for the same reason.
This is the way to cook Polish rosół: take beef meat or veal, hazel grouse or partridge, and whatever meat that in rosół can be cooked. Soak it, lay in pot, then strain and pour over meat, add parsley, butter, salt, and skim well. One has to know what to put in the rosół for it not to smell. that is parsley, dill, onion or garlic, nutmeg or rosmarin or pepper to taste. Lime would not spoil any rosół as well.
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- Czerniecki, Stanisław (1682). Compendium ferculorum, albo zebranie potraw, przez Urodzonego Stanisława Czarneckiego I.K.M. Sekretarza, A Iaśnie Wielmożnego Iego Mośći Pana Aleksandra Michała Hrabie na Wiśniczu y Iarosławiu Lubomirskiego, Woiewody Krakowskiego, Sandomirskiego, Zatorskiego, Niepołomskiego, Lubaczewskiego, Ryckiego etc. etc. Starosty: Kuchmistrza, Ad Usum Publicum napisane. Schedel Mikołaj Aleksander.