Roseboro, North Carolina

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Roseboro, North Carolina
Downtown Roseboro
Downtown Roseboro
Take Root and Bloom
Roseboro, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Roseboro, North Carolina
Roseboro, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°57′9″N 78°30′38″W / 34.95250°N 78.51056°W / 34.95250; -78.51056Coordinates: 34°57′9″N 78°30′38″W / 34.95250°N 78.51056°W / 34.95250; -78.51056
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3.0 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
125 ft (38 m)
 • Total1,191
 • Estimate 
 • Density990/sq mi (400/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)910
FIPS code37-57800[2]
GNIS feature ID0993705[3]

Roseboro is a town in Sampson County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,191 at the 2010 census.


Roseboro was founded when the Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad built a line from Fayetteville to Wilmington, and it joined Stedman, Autryville, Garland, Kerr Station and several other communities that sprang to life when depots were built and commerce came into being. The railroad was built in 1889-1890 and the town began to grow from a tiny crossroads with one store to the town of some 1,400 people who reside there today.

There are two stories of how Roseboro got its name, but research has proven it to be named after John M. Rose, secretary of the Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad. The town has grown since 1889. Roseboro was incorporated in 1891 by the North Carolina General Assembly and the first mayor was Almond Butler, an ancestor of Miss Ossie Butler, long time town clerk for Roseboro. According to a copy of the town charter on file in the town office, E.R. Johnson was the first town marshal. All but one of the first commissioner’s last names is still prominent in the town. Roseboro did not do a lot of growing at first. First accounts of the town are of a few houses and several general stores.

Roseboro’s oldest building was constructed around 1897 by W.J. Fisher. In 1908, Dr. Paul M. Crumpler practiced medicine in front of the building while Whit Tart operated a drug store in the rear, thus the beginning of Tart & West Drug Store. In 1930, Paul and Sammy Butler opened a barber shop at the site. In the 1950s, Willie Butler moved in and began a mortgage and finance company. In the late 1950s, it was leased to Vander Simmons who used it for an accounting office. In 1961, Mr. Lennon H. Fisher, grandson of W.J. Fisher, took occupancy of this building and formed Fisher Insurance Agency. It remained at that location until 1978. In 1989, Jim Buchanan moved into this building and opened a photography business. In 1990, he changed the name to Jim B’S E-Z Rental. Currently, Summerlyn Naylor, great great granddaughter of W.J. Fisher, operates a business in the building.

The Dan E. Caison, Sr., House, Troy Herring House, and Howell-Butler House were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[4]


Roseboro is located at 34°57′9″N 78°30′38″W / 34.95250°N 78.51056°W / 34.95250; -78.51056 (34.952445, -78.510560).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20181,175[6]−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,267 people, 509 households, and 365 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,084.8 people per square mile (418.1/km²). There were 567 housing units at an average density of 485.5 per square mile (187.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 47.43% White, 48.93% African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.58% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.

There were 509 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 25.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,478, and the median income for a family was $26,154. Males had a median income of $29,306 versus $17,216 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,704. About 23.6% of families and 24.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved Oct 11, 2019.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.