|Population||404 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||186 m (610 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Northern Midlands Council|
Ross is a historic town in the Midlands of the state of Tasmania in Australia. On the Macquarie River, Ross is located 78 km south of Launceston and 117 km north of Hobart. The town is listed on the Register of the National Estate and is noted for its historic bridge, original sandstone buildings and convict history.
The town of Ross lies in lands that were traditionally owned by Tasmanian Aborigines, specifically the Tyrernotepanner (Stony Creek) Nation. The aboriginal name for the area that now constitutes the Ross township was mackerler (Mack-er-ler).
The first European to explore the district was surveyor Charles Grimes who passed through the area while mapping Tasmania's central area including parts of what later became known as the Macquarie River. On an expedition in 1821, Governor Lachlan Macquarie passed through the area himself and, as he recorded in his journal,
- I named our last Night's Station "Ross", in honor of H. M. Buchanan Esqr. – that being the name of his Seat on Loch-Lomond in Scotland; this part of Argyle Plains on the Right Bank of the Macquarie River being very beautiful and commanding a noble view. 
Later that year, a timber bridge was built over the river and subsequently Ross became an important stopover on road journeys between Launceston and Hobart. Shortly afterward, cattle were being run on Crown land at Ross, to be used as working bullocks, and others were used as milch cows for people holding government posts. Ross developed as a base for the local garrison and became a centre for trade for the surrounding district. Between 1848 and 1854 approximately 12,000 female convicts passed through the Female Factory.
By the time of Australian Federation in 1901, the permanent population had grown to 311 and the wider area had become known as a fine wool growing district. At this time Ross had four churches, a post and telegraph office, a savings bank, one hotel, and a town hall and library.
The Four Corners of Ross
The town is centred on the crossroads of Church and Bridge Streets with a field gun from the Boer War and a war memorial as a central part of the intersection. The crossroads area is humorously referred to as the "Four Corners of Ross" with each corner having a label:
- Temptation: the Man O' Ross Hotel
- Recreation: Northern Midlands Council Old Town Hall (now the closest one is Longford Town Hall)
- Salvation: Roman Catholic Church
- Damnation: Jail (now a private residence)
Heritage-listed buildings and sites
Former military and police buildings
The former Army Orderly Room is a stone Colonial building which was the first army headquarters in Ross. Nearby is the Royal Ordnance Corps Store, which was erected in 1836 and has the corps crest carved above the door. This building now houses the Ross Memorial Library and Recreation Room.
The Council Clerk's cottage, situated on the south-west corner of Church and High Streets is a single storey Georgian building. The western wing of this building incorporates the former police buildings. A jail also stood on this site.
During World War II, Ross was the location of RAAF No.30 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), built in 1942 and closed on 14 June 1944. It was situated on Tooms Lake Road. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).
The convict site dates back to the 1840s. Usually referred to as the Female Factory, it was one of only a few female convict compounds in Australia. There is one remaining building on the site, the Assistant Superintendent's Quarters, which currently houses a display relating to the site.
The town of Ross has three churches, all located on elm-lined Church Street. The Uniting Church, situated prominently on the hilltop, was built in 1885 and is noted for its blackwood pews and carved baptismal font. The Roman Catholic Church building was originally a store and was converted in the 1920s in Gothic revival style. St John's Anglican Church, on the corner of Badajos Street, was built in 1868 and contains a 100-year-old pipe organ, an oak lectern and a stone pulpit.
Hotels and Inns
The Man O' Ross Hotel was built in 1831 by William Sadler. It was originally a two-storey Georgian building, but was later converted to a Victorian Style. Two former inns, The Scotch Thistle Inn (licensed 1840) and the Sherwood Castle Inn, no longer function as hotels, the former is now a private residence and the latter has been renamed and operates as the Ross Bakery Inn.
The well-known sandstone Ross Bridge was constructed by convict labour in 1836, and is the third oldest bridge still in use in Australia. Commissioned by Lieutenant-Governor Arthur, the bridge was designed by architect John Lee Archer, with the convict work team including two stonemasons, James Colbeck and Daniel Herbert, the latter being credited with the intricate carvings along both sides of the bridge.
The main cemetery, located to the south-east of the town centre, is divided into two sections – a Roman Catholic section and a Church of England section which is enclosed by a stone wall. The old military burial ground is located on a nearby hilltop.
Other public buildings
The Town Hall is a neo-classical style late-Victorian building. The adjoining Council Chambers is a timber building with a stone façade. The Post Office was completed in 1889 and has a verandah with twin cast-iron columns. The schoolhouse is a Victorian Rustic Gothic building with random rubble sandstone walls.
Other buildings and sites
Within the central township area, there are a number of other buildings including private residences and two former Sunday Schools that are also listed on the register. In addition, a number of listed indigenous and other sites are located in nearby areas.
The ruined remains of the former Horton College (1855–1894) near Ross were also listed.
Tooms Lake was built as a water supply dam for Ross.
A bakery in Ross has become a point of interest for anime fans, as it is supposed to bear a resemblance to the bakery in the 1989 Studio Ghibli animated film Kiki's Delivery Service. An attic room above the bakery has been modified to look like the title character's bedroom.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Ross (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- Bureau of Meteorology Retrieved on 2007-11-14.
- Ryan, Lyndal (2012). Tasmanian Aborigines: A History Since 1803 (1 ed.). Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1742370683.
- Plomley, Brian (1992). Tasmanian Aboriginal Place Names. Hobart: QVMAG. p. 33.
- "Ross". Travel. The Age. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 14 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Lachlan & Elizabeth Macquarie Archive". Macquarie University. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Philip Cox & Wesley Stacey (1973), Historic Towns of Australia, Melbourne, Lansdowne, p.26. ISBN 0701801840
- "About Ross". Making of a Nation – Tasmanian Federation Online. The Examiner. 2001. Archived from the original on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 15 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Ross Historic Town, Church St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 13218)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- "The Barracks (Former), 3 Bridge St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 13196)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- Australia. Royal Australian Air Force. Historical Section (1995), Logistics units, AGPS Press, ISBN 978-0-644-42798-2
- "Ross Convict Site, Bond St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 100406)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- "Man O Ross Hotel & Mile Posts, 35 Church St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 13186)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office, Public Works Department, PWD 4/4 pp. 51, 70, 203
- "Australian Heritage Places Inventory". Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Methodist Sunday School (Former), Bond St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 13202)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- "St Johns Sunday School, 5 High St, Ross, TAS, Australia (Place ID 13178)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- Hope, Emma (28 March 2015). "Ross a hot spot for fans of Japanese anime classic Kiki's Delivery Service". The Mercury (Hobart). News Corp Australia. Retrieved 30 March 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Hooper, Fred (13 March 2015). "Kiki's Delivery Service: Japanese anime fans flock to Tasmania's Ross bakery to see little witch's room". ABC Northern Tasmania. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 30 March 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)