Studio Ghibli

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Studio Ghibli, Inc.
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Kabushiki gaisha
Industry Motion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
Predecessor Topcraft
Founded Tokyo, Japan
(June 15, 1985; 31 years ago (1985-06-15))
Founders
Headquarters Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Koji Hoshino
(Executive director, President)
Hayao Miyazaki
(Director)
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
Products Animated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥15.77 billion (2011)
Owner Tokuma Shoten (1999–2005)
Independent (2005–present)
Number of employees
300
Website www.ghibli.jp

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-gaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan.[1] The studio is best known for its anime feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. It was founded on June 15, 1985 after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), with funding by Tokuma Shoten.

Eight of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 15 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away (2001) being the highest, grossing over US$290 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. Five of Studio Ghibli's films received Academy Award nominations in the United States. Spirited Away won a Golden Bear in 2002 and an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film in 2003. Totoro, a character from My Neighbour Totoro is the studio's mascot.

On August 3, 2014, Studio Ghibli announced it was temporarily halting production following the retirement of director Hayao Miyazaki, who co-founded the studio with Isao Takahata.[2][3]

Name[edit]

The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki from the Italian noun "ghibli", based on the Libyan-Arabic name for the hot desert wind of that country, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".[4][5] It also refers to an Italian aircraft, the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli.[4] Although the Italian word is pronounced with a hard ɡ, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g, [dʑíbu͍ɾi].

History[edit]

Three of the four founders of Studio Ghibli. From top to bottom: Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, Toshio Suzuki.

Founded on June 15, 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[5][6] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team".[7] At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.[8]

In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten Publishing agreed that Disney would distribute internationally Tokuma's Studio Ghibli animated films.[9]

Many of Ghibli's films in Japan are theatrically distributed by Toho while home video releases are handled by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment Japan.[10] Wild Bunch holds the international sales rights to many of Ghibli's films.[11] Ghibli's main international distribution partners also include Disney (Japan Home Video, Taiwan, North America Home Video, France),[10][11] GKIDS (North America),[12] StudioCanal UK, and Madman Entertainment (Australia).

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Mitaka, Tokyo.[13] It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".[14]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, also helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[15] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.[16]

Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) From Up on Poppy Hill – an adaptation of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films was The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.[17]

On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."[18]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime TV series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.[19][20]

In March 2014, Toshio Suzuki retired as a producer and assumed a new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.[21]

On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future.[22] This has led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features."[23]

Works[edit]

While Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is often considered a Studio Ghibli film, it was produced and released before the studio's official founding.

Feature films[edit]

Year Title Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Music RT
1986 Castle in the Sky Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe Hisaishi 95%[24]
1988 Grave of the Fireflies Isao Takahata Toru Hara Michio Mamiya 97%[25]
1988 My Neighbor Totoro Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 93%[26]
1989 Kiki's Delivery Service Hayao Miyazaki 96%[27]
1991 Only Yesterday Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Katz Hoshi 100%[28]
1992 Porco Rosso Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 94%[29]
1994 Pom Poko Isao Takahata Shang Shang Typhoon 78%[30]
1995 Whisper of the Heart Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Yuji Nomi 91%[31]
1997 Princess Mononoke Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 92%[32]
1999 My Neighbors the Yamadas Isao Takahata Akiko Yano 75%[33]
2001 Spirited Away Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 97%[34]
2002 The Cat Returns Hiroyuki Morita Reiko Yoshida Nozomu Takahashi & Toshio Suzuki Yuji Nomi 89%[35]
2004 Howl's Moving Castle Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 87%[36]
2006 Tales from Earthsea Gorō Miyazaki Gorō Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Tamiya Terashima 41%[37]
2008 Ponyo Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 92%[38]
2010 Arrietty Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Cécile Corbel 95%[39]
2011 From Up on Poppy Hill Gorō Miyazaki Satoshi Takebe 83%[40]
2013 The Wind Rises[41] Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 89%[42]
2013 The Tale of the Princess Kaguya[41] Isao Takahata Isao Takahata & Riko Sakaguchi Yoshiaki Nishimura & Seiichiro Ujiie 100%[43]
2014 When Marnie Was There[44] Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi Ando Yoshiaki Nishimura & Toshio Suzuki Takatsugu Muramatsu 92%[45]

Notable animators and character designers from Studio Ghibli[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ "Spirited Away maker Studio Ghibli halts production". BBC News. August 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ Vincent, Alice (August 4, 2014). "Studio Ghibli may stop making films". The Telegraph. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b ジブリという名前の由来は? (in Japanese). Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  6. ^ "First of Two-part Miyazaki Feature". Animerica. 1 (5): 4. July 1993. 
  7. ^ Camp, Brian; Davis, Julie (September 15, 2007). Anime Classics Zettai. Berkeley California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-933330-22-8. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." Animerica. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by Animerica from: Takahata, Isao. Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") Tokuma Shoten, 1991. Originally published in Animage, June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.
  9. ^ "August Issue News Section:Disney Will Distribute Japanese Animation". Animation World Magazine. August 1996. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "The Disney-Tokuma Deal". nausicaa.net. 10 September 2003. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Hopewell, John; Keslassy, Elsa (19 August 2013). "Wild Bunch, Miyazaki Re-Team on The Wind Rises". Variety.com. Variety. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "GKids to distribute 13 Ghibli anime films in US". Animenewsnetwork.com. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  13. ^ "Japan, 18-28 April 2003". fjordaan.net. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Brooks, Xan (September 14, 2005). "A god among animators". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved May 23, 2007. There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.' 
  15. ^ スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏 (in Japanese). Retrieved February 1, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Miyazaki shorts come to Carnegie Hall for one day only". Asia Pacific Arts. March 4, 2011. 
  17. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (July 23, 2012). "Studio Ghibli's Next Film is about Japan's Most Famous Fighter Plane (and the Guy who Designed It)". Kotaku. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ Highfill, Samantha. (2013-09-06) Hayao Miyazaki on his retirement: 'This time I am quite serious' | Inside Movies | EW.com. Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  19. ^ "Goro Miyazaki to Direct Ronia the Robber's Daughter TV Anime". Anime News Network. January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Polygon Pictures to Create Animation Under Goro Miyazaki's Direction, The Animated TV Series Ronia, the Robber's Daughter, Premiering on NHK BS in Autumn 2014". Polygon Pictures. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Ghibli Co-Founder Toshio Suzuki Retires as Producer". Anime News Network. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  22. ^ "Toshio Suzuki スタジオジブリを背負った男。ヒットメーカー・鈴木敏夫のプロデューサー哲学に迫る". MBS. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
    Schilling, Mark (3 August 2014). "Japan's Studio Ghibli Envisages Short Break, not Imminent Closure". Variety. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  23. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki isn't making features but is at work on a manga". LA Times. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "Castle in the Sky (1989)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (1989 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  25. ^ "Hotaru no haka (Grave of the Fireflies) (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "My neighbor Totoro (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  27. ^ "Kiki's delivery service (1989)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  28. ^ "Only Yesterday (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2016 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  29. ^ "Porco Rosso (Kurenai no buta) (1992)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  30. ^ "Pom Poko (Heisei tanuki gassen pompoko) (The Raccoon War) (1994)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  31. ^ "Whisper of the Heart (Mimi wo sumaseba) (If You Listen Closely) (2006)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2006 was the year of its U.S. TV & DVD release.)
  32. ^ "Princess Mononoke (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (1999 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  33. ^ "My Neighbors the Yamadas (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  34. ^ "Spirited Away (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  35. ^ "The Cat Returns (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  36. ^ "Howl's Moving Castle (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2005 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  37. ^ "Gedo senki (Tales from Earthsea) (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2010 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  38. ^ "Ponyo (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2009 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  39. ^ "The Secret World of Arrietty (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (It was released in the U.S. under this title in 2012.)
  40. ^ "From Up On Poppy Hill (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2013 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  41. ^ a b "Studio Ghibli to release Miyazaki, Takahata films in Summer 2013". The Asahi Shimbun. December 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  42. ^ "The Wind Rises (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2014 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  43. ^ "The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2014 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  44. ^ "Ghibli Adapts Joan G. Robinson's When Marnie Was There Novel Into Anime". Anime News Network. December 12, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2014. 
  45. ^ "When Marnie Was There (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2015 was the year of its U.S. release.)

Further reading[edit]

Documentaries[edit]

  • This Is How Ghibli Was Born (ジブリはこうして生まれた Jiburi wa kōshite umareta?). 1998 documentary, Nippon TV, 28 min.
  • The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness (夢と狂気の王国 Yume to Kyoki no Okoku?). 2013 documentary by Mami Sunada, 118 min.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°42′11.5″N 139°31′44.9″E / 35.703194°N 139.529139°E / 35.703194; 139.529139