Studio Ghibli

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Coordinates: 35°42′11.5″N 139°31′44.9″E / 35.703194°N 139.529139°E / 35.703194; 139.529139

Studio Ghibli, Inc.
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Type Kabushiki gaisha
Industry Motion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
Predecessor(s) Topcraft
Founded Tokyo, Japan (June 15, 1985 (1985-06-15))
Founder(s)
Headquarters Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
  • Koji Hoshino (Executive director, President)
  • Hayao Miyazaki (Director)
  • Toshio Suzuki (Executive director)
Products Animated feature films (Anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
Net income ¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥15.77 billion (2011)
Owner(s) Tokuma Shoten (1999-2005)
Employees 300
Website www.ghibli.jp

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-gaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan.[1] The studio is best known for its anime feature films. Studio Ghibli began in June 1985 after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind with funding by Tokuma Shoten. The company's logo features the character Totoro (a large forest spirit) from Miyazaki's film My Neighbor Totoro. At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.[2]

The studio has produced nineteen feature films, several short films, television commercials and a television film. Eight of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 15 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away being the highest, grossing over $274 million worldwide.

Many anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. In 2002, Spirited Away won a Golden Bear and an Oscar for Best Animated Feature.

Name[edit]

The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki bearing the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli in mind.[3] The Italian noun "ghibli" is based on the Arabic name for the sirocco, or Mediterranean wind, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".[3][4] Although the Italian word is pronounced with a very hard ɡ, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g, [dʑíbu͍ɾi] ( )

History[edit]

Hayao Miyazaki, the co-founder of Studio Ghibli and director of many of its films.

Founded in June 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[4][5] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita and Gorō Miyazaki. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team".[6]

In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten Publishing agreed that Disney would distribute international Tokuma's Studio Ghibli animated films.[7]

Many of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by Toho. Internationally, The Walt Disney Company has rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away.[citation needed] As of September 2011, they share North American theatrical rights with GKids while domestic right remain with Disney.[8]

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Tokyo. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".[9]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, also helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[10] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.[11]

As of 2012, Takahata is developing a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) From Up on Poppy Hill. Takahata is working on an adaptation of the tale of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. Hayao Miyazaki is developing a project called The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.[12]

Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice, confirming his retirement saying: “I know I’ve said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, `Once again.’ But this time I am quite serious..." Now it is time for Hayao's son, Goro Miyazaki, to take the torch and follow in his father's footsteps.[13]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime TV series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.[14][15]

In March 2014 Toshio Suzuki retired as a producer and assumed a new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.[16]

Works[edit]

Significant achievements[edit]

  • The first real box-office success in Studio Ghibli's history: Kiki's Delivery Service .
  • The highest-grossing film of 1989 in Japan: Kiki's Delivery Service
  • The highest-grossing film of 1991 in Japan: Only Yesterday
  • The highest-grossing film of 1992 in Japan: Porco Rosso
  • The highest-grossing film of 1994 in Japan: Pom Poko
  • The highest-grossing film of 1995 in Japan: Whisper of the Heart
  • The first Studio Ghibli film to use computer graphics: Pom Poko
  • The first Japanese film in Dolby Digital: Whisper of the Heart
  • The first Miyazaki feature to use computer graphics, and the first Studio Ghibli film to use digital coloring; the first animated feature in Japan's history to gross more than 10 billion yen at the box office and the first animated film ever to win a National Academy Award for Best Picture of the Year: Princess Mononoke
  • The first Studio Ghibli film to be shot using a 100% digital process: My Neighbors the Yamadas
  • The first Miyazaki feature to be shot using a 100% digital process; the first film to gross $200 million worldwide before opening in North America; the film to finally overtake Titanic at the Japanese box office, becoming the top grossing film in the history of Japanese cinema; the only anime winner of an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, and the only winner to be made outside the English-speaking world; the only traditionally-animated winner, so far, of an Academy award for Best Animated Feature: Spirited Away

Films[edit]

While Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is often considered one of the Studio Ghibli films, it was produced and released before the studio's official founding.

# Film Release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Music

Feature films

1 Castle in the Sky August 2, 1986 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe Hisaishi
2 Grave of the Fireflies April 16, 1988 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toru Hara Michio Mamiya
3 My Neighbor Totoro Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
4 Kiki's Delivery Service July 29, 1989 Hayao Miyazaki
5 Only Yesterday July 20, 1991 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Katz Hoshi
6 Porco Rosso July 28, 1992 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
7 Pom Poko July 16, 1994 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Kōryū, Manto Watanabe, Yōko Ino, Masaru Gotō, Ryōjirō Furusawa
8 Whisper of the Heart July 15, 1995 Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Yuji Nomi
9 Princess Mononoke July 12, 1997 Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
10 My Neighbors the Yamadas July 17, 1999 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Akiko Yano
11 Spirited Away July 27, 2001 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
12 The Cat Returns July 19, 2002 Hiroyuki Morita Reiko Yoshida Toshio Suzuki and Nozomu Takahashi Yuji Nomi
13 Howl's Moving Castle November 20, 2004 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi
14 Tales from Earthsea July 29, 2006 Gorō Miyazaki Gorō Miyazaki and Keiko Niwa Tamiya Terashima
15 Ponyo July 19, 2008 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
16 The Secret World of Arrietty July 17, 2010 Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki and Keiko Niwa Cécile Corbel
17 From Up on Poppy Hill July 16, 2011 Gorō Miyazaki Satoshi Takebe
18 The Wind Rises[17] July 20, 2013 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi
19 The Tale of Princess Kaguya[17] November 23, 2013 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata and Riko Sakaguchi Yoshiaki Nishimura, Toshio Suzuki and Seiichiro Ujiie

Upcoming films

20 When Marnie Was There[18] Summer 2014 Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa and Masashi Ando Toshio Suzuki Takatsugu Muramatsu

Television films

Ocean Waves May 5, 1993 Tomomi Mochizuki Kaori Nakamura Toshio Suzuki, Nozomu Takahashi and Seiji Okuda Shigeru Nagata

Anime series[edit]

Short films (television, theatrical, Ghibli Museum, OVA)[edit]

Music videos (television and theatrical)[edit]

  • "On Your Mark" (1995) (a promotional music video for Chage & Aska directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • "Portable Airport" (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Space Station No. 9" (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "A Flying City Plan" ("Soratobu Toshikeikaku") (2005) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Doredore no Uta" (2005) (a promotional music video for Meiko Haigou directed by Osamu Tanabe)
  • "Piece" (2009) (a promotional music video for Yui Aragaki directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)

Commercials[edit]

  • Miyazaki, Hayao (1992), Sora Iro no Tane [The Sky-Colored Seed] (TV spot), Nippon TV .
  • ——— (1992), Nandarou (TV commercial), Nippon TV . NTV 40th anniversary.
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Friday Roadshow TV spot directed by Yoshifumi Kondō)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow Opening" (1997) (opening title sequence for Kinyou Roadshow, directed by Yoshifumi Kondō))
  • "www.TVshop1.com" (2000) (online shopping PR spot directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials for Asahi soft drinks featuring voices by Rina Uchiyama and Takashi Naitou)
  • "Ghibli Museum Tickets" (2001) (announcement for Ghibli Museum opening in Mitaka, directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • "LAWSON Sen to Chihiro no Kamikakushi" (2001) (Lawson convenience store tie in with Spirited Away DVD)
  • "House Foods – The Cat Returns" (2002) (TV commercials for House Foods products as a tie-in campaign for The Cat Returns)
  • "Risona Bank" (2003) (TV commercials for the bank owned by Resona Holdings)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (2003) (House Foods TV commercial, Summer Version directed by Hayao Miyazaki and Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (2004) (House Foods TV commercial, Winter Version directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "KNB Yumedegi " (2004) (TV spot for Kitanihon Broadcasting directed by Shinji Hashimoto)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun – Kawaraban" (2004) (TV commercial for newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun – Dore Dore Hikkoushi" (2005) (TV commercial for newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun)
  • "Nisshin Seifun" (2010) (TV spot designed by Toshio Suzuki and Gorō Miyazaki, directed by Katsuya Kondō)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun" (2010) (TV spot for the newspaper, animated in the style of Shigeru Sugiura, directed by Gorō Miyazaki)

Video games[edit]

Stage productions[edit]

Other works[edit]

The works listed here consist of works that do not fall into the above categories. All of these films have been released on DVD in Japan as part of the Ghibli Gakujutsu Library.

  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1998) (documentary following Isao Takahata to Canada to meet Frédéric Back)
  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1999) (documentary travelling with Hayao Miyazaki as he follows the footsteps of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
  • Lasseter-san, Arigatou ("Thank You, Mr. Lasseter", 2003; thank you video created for John Lasseter)
  • Miyazaki Hayao Produce no Ichimai no CD ha Kōshite Umareta (2003; a film about Tsunehiko Kamijo's Okaasa no Shashin CD)
  • Yanagawa Horiwari Monogatari ("The Story of Yanagawa's Canals") (2003) (A part animated documentary originally broadcast on NHK in 1987)
  • Otsuka Yasuo no Ugokasu Yorokobi (2004) (A documentary about animator Yasuo Otsuka)
  • Miyazaki Hayao to Ghibli Bijutsukan (2005) (A film featuring Goro Miyazaki and Isao Takahata touring the Ghibli Museum)
  • Jiburi no Eshokunin – Oga Kazuo Ten – Totoro no Mori o Kaita Hito ("A Ghibli Artisan – Kazuo Oga Exhibition – The Man Who Painted Totoro's Forest") (2007) (A documentary to commemorate an exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, featuring the work of Studio Ghibli background artist Kazuo Oga)
  • Ghibli no Fūkei ("Scenery of Ghibli") (2009) (A documentary hosted by Japanese actresses Tsuruta Mayu, Natsukawa Yui and actor Tetsuta Sugimoto, that follows them around Europe and Japan matching Miyazaki's storyboards to the real world scenery and attractions that served as inspiration to the settings of his animated films)
  • Suzuki Toshio no Ghibli Asemamire, 99 no Kotoba ("Suzuki Toshio's Ghibli Asemamire, 99 Words") (2009) (A compilation of 49 interviews conducted by Toshio Suzuki on his weekly radio program Ghibli Asemamire, broadcasting on Tokyo FM)
  • Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki (2009) (Concert footage of Joe Hisaishi's 3 nights at the Nippon Budokan venue in August 2008 where he played various pieces from throughout his 25-year collaboration with Studio Ghibli. Originally broadcast on NHK.)
  • Ghibli no Hondana [Ghibli's Bookshelf] (documentary), NHK, August 2011  . Explores the influence of children's literature on Miyazaki and Takahata's body of work and on Studio Ghibli as a whole.

Related works[edit]

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by a variety of studios and people who went on to form or join Studio Ghibli. This includes members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; works produced by Toei Animation, TMS Entertainment, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata or other Ghibli staffers. The list also includes works created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

Pre-Ghibli[edit]

Cooperative works[edit]

Distributive works[edit]

These Western animated films (plus one Japanese film) have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library.

Contributive works[edit]

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies:

Notable animators and character designers from Studio Ghibli[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ "The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." Animerica. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by Animerica from: Takahata, Isao. Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") Tokuma Shoten, 1991. Originally published in Animage, June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.
  3. ^ a b "ジブリという名前の由来は?" (in Japanese). Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  5. ^ "First of Two-part Miyazaki Feature". Animerica 1 (5): 4. July 1993. 
  6. ^ Camp, Brian; Davis, Julie (September 15, 2007). Anime Classics Zettai. Berkeley California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-933330-22-8. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "August Issue News Section:Disney Will Distribute Japanese Animation". Animation World Magazine. August 1996. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  8. ^ GKids to distribute 13 Ghibli anime films in US
  9. ^ Brooks, Xan (September 14, 2005). "A god among animators". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved May 23, 2007. "There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.'" 
  10. ^ "スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏" (in Japanese). Retrieved February 1, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Miyazaki shorts come to Carnegie Hall for one day only". Asia Pacific Arts. 03/04/2011. 
  12. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (July 23, 2012). "Studio Ghibli’s Next Film is about Japan’s Most Famous Fighter Plane (and the Guy who Designed It)". Kotaku. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  13. ^ http://insidemovies.ew.com/2013/09/06/hayao-miyazaki-retirement/
  14. ^ "Goro Miyazaki to Direct Ronia the Robber's Daughter TV Anime". Anime News Network. January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Polygon Pictures to Create Animation Under Goro Miyazaki’s Direction, The Animated TV Series Ronia, the Robber’s Daughter, Premiering on NHK BS in Autumn 2014". Polygon Pictures. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ghibli Co-Founder Toshio Suzuki Retires as Producer". Anime News Network. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Studio Ghibli to release Miyazaki, Takahata films in Summer 2013". The Asahi Shimbun. December 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2013-12-12/ghibli-adapts-joan-g-robinson-when-marnie-was-there-novel-into-anime
  19. ^ "ghibli.jp". 
  20. ^ "Michael Dudok De Wit Is Directing A Feature Co-Produced By Studio Ghibli". Cartoon Brew. May 15, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]