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A tiny house, Jan Boer's bust, and the church in the background
Rottum (or Röppen) is a small village on an artificial dwelling hill between Kantens and Usquert in the municipality of Eemsmond, falling under the province Groningen in the Netherlands. The village currently counts about 165 inhabitants.
The village was founded on a clay bank of the Fivel estuary and the Wadden Sea. Since high tides were threatening the early inhabitants they raised its height with manure and waste: this way an artificial dwelling hill was created. On top of the artificial dwelling hill eventually a heathen chapel was located, according to the biography of the missionary Ludger. The name "Rottum" could be derived from "rot Heim", which can be translated as "red dwelling-place".
In 1889 a Protestant church was built on the same location as the monastery.
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