Roxcy Bolton

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Roxcy Bolton
Roxcy Bolton.jpg
Roxcy Bolton ca. 1956
Born Roxcy O'Neal
(1926-06-03)June 3, 1926
Duck Hill, Mississippi, U.S.
Died May 17, 2017(2017-05-17) (aged 90)
Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.
Occupation Activist, feminist
Known for Founder of Women in Distress
Spouse(s) David Bolton
Awards Florida Women's Hall of Fame (1984)

Roxcy O'Neal Bolton (June 3, 1926 – May 17, 2017)[1] was an American feminist and civil and women's rights activist.[2]

Personal life[edit]

She married Commander David Bolton, USN, who later acted as president of Men for ERA.

Career in activism[edit]

In 1966, Bolton helped form Florida's National Organization for Women, serving as charter president of the Miami Chapter and National Vice President in 1969. Also in 1969, she successfully challenged the practice that many store restaurants had of keeping a separate "men only" section. In 1972, she founded Women in Distress, a shelter for homeless women.[3]

Also in 1972, she encouraged President Nixon to issue a proclamation honoring Women's Equality Day, which he did.[4] His proclamation was presented to her in recognition of her encouragement.[4]

In 1974, she founded the nation's first Rape Treatment Center at Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, later renamed the Roxcy Bolton Rape Treatment Center in 1993.[5] That same year she organized Florida's first Crime Watch meeting to help stem crime against women. She was also instrumental in bringing several rape cases to the attention of the public, despite police concerns.

She challenged N.O.A.A (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) to change the names of hurricanes to include the names of men,[6] which they did.[4]

She was inducted into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame in 1984 for "forcing police and prosecutors to make rape crime a priority".[7] A collection of her artifacts is owned by the Museum of Florida History.[8]

Bolton led the effort to create the Miami Women’s Park, which opened in 1992 as the first outdoor space in America honoring past and present women leaders.[9]

Her Coral Gables home was dedicated as a Florida Heritage Site in 1999.[8][10][11]


Bolton died on the morning of May 17, 2017 at her Coral Gables, Florida home at the age of 90.[12][13]


  1. ^ "Roxcy O'Neal Bolton". Florida Resident Database. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Roxcy Bolton, Pioneer Feminist". Florida Memory. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  3. ^ Buchanan, Edna (1989). "Sex". The Corpse Had a Familiar Face: Covering Miami, America's Hottest Beat. Charter. p. 173. ISBN 1-55773-284-1. 
  4. ^ a b c Beth (August 26, 2013). "Women's Equality Day". Florida Memory. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  5. ^ "State Library and Archives of Florida Exhibit Honors Roxcy Bolton and Women's Equality Day". Florida Department of State, Kurt S. Browning, Interim Secretary of State. July 22, 2008. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  6. ^ "'Him-icanes' Proposed By 'Lib' Backer". The News. Frederick, Maryland. January 20, 1972. p. 3. Retrieved May 17, 2017 – via 
  7. ^ "Honoring Dr. Jeana Brunson". The United States House of Representatives. February 10, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2009.[dead link]
  8. ^ a b "Roxcy Bolton Collection". Museum of Florida History. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  9. ^ "2012 Honorees". The National Women's History Project. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  10. ^ Harakas, Margo (May 26, 1999). "Roxcy's Heritage". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ Staff (June 16, 2008). "Women Take Action In Coral Gables (The Roxcy O'Neal Bolton House)". Waymarking. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  12. ^ Cohen, Howard; Fichtner, Margaria; Brecher, Elinor (May 17, 2017). "Civic activist, feminist, trailblazer Roxcy Bolton dies at 90". Miami Herald. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  13. ^ Nelson, Gary (May 17, 2017). "Florida's Pioneer Feminist Roxcy Bolton Has Died". CBS Miami. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 

External links[edit]