Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom

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The Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom of the Aryacakravarti line of kings of Jaffna kingdom in northern Sri Lanka consisted of the couchant bull (also called a Nandi), the silver crescent moon with a golden sun. The single sacred conch shell, which spiral open to the right, and in the centre above the sacred bull, is a white parasol with golden tassels and white pearls. The color of the Royal Flag is saffron.[1] The flag symbols are similar to number of flags found in India especially belonging to the Eastern Ganga dynasty. The Setu coins minted by the Aryacakravarti kings also have a similar symbol.[2][3]


  1. ^ Rasanayagam, M., Ancient Jaffna, p303-304
  2. ^ Perera, H., Ceylon & Indian History from Early Times to 1505 A. D, p353
  3. ^ Coddrington, H., Ceylon Coins and Currency, p74-75


  • Rasanayagam, Mudaliyar (1926). Ancient Jaffna,being a research into the History of Jaffna from very early times to the Portuguese Period. Everymans Publishers Ltd, Madras (Reprint by New Delhi, AES in 2003). p. 390. ISBN 81-206-0210-2. 
  • Coddrington, H. W. (1996). Ceylon Coins and Currency. New Delhi: Vijitha Yapa. p. 290. ISBN 81-206-1202-7. 
  • Perera, Horace (1954). Ceylon & Indian History from Early Times to 1505 A. D. India: W. M. A. Wahid. p. 400.