Rupert Kinnard, 2008
|Born||Rupert Earl Kinnard|
|Pseudonym(s)||Prof. I.B. Gittendowne|
|B.B. and the Diva|
Rupert Kinnard (born 1954) also credited as Prof. I.B. Gittendowne, is an openly gay African-American cartoonist, who created the first ongoing gay/lesbian-identified African-American comic-strip characters: the Brown Bomber (a teenage superhero) and Diva Touché Flambé (his ageless lesbian partner).
Rupert Kinnard was born in Chicago in 1954, and spent his early years living on the West Side. He moved with his parents and four sisters to a 16th-floor apartment in then-new housing projects, then to the South Side, where he attended Morgan Park High and later the Chicago Public Schools' High School for Metropolitan Studies. After graduating, he attended American Academy of Art.
In 1972, teenage Kinnard noticed that not only were all of his favorite superheroes white, but even the comics characters he'd created himself didn't reflect his racial identity, and responded by creating Superbad, a Black-militant figure inspired by boxer/activist Muhammed Ali.
In 1976 he enrolled at Cornell College in Iowa. In 1977, he created Brown Bomber, a less aggressive African-American character, modeled after boxer Joe Louis (who was also known by that nickname). The character was featured in a comic strip published weekly in the Cornellian, the college newspaper. After the character became popular on campus, Kinnard wrote a strip which identified the character as gay.
He graduated from college in 1979, and moved to Portland, Oregon, where he began working for alternative newspaper Willamette Week, eventually as associate art director. In 1983 he co-founded Just Out, Oregon's first LGBT publication. In 1984 he created the lesbian African-American character Diva Touché Flambé and featured her with Brown Bomber in the strip "Cathartic Comics". He then became the first African American to serve on the board of the Portland Town Council, the state's first LGBT organization, and helped to establish The Diversity Alliance, a multicultural LGBT group.
Upon moving to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1986, Kinnard served as art director for the San Francisco Sentinel, where "Cathartic Comics" began running as a weekly strip featured on the editorial page. In 1989 the strip began running in S.F. Weekly, and also appeared in gay publications in other major cities. A collection of the strips was published in 1992 by Alyson Books as B.B. and the Diva with a foreword by Marlon Riggs. After leaving S.F. Weekly, he became art director of Out/Look, a queer journal.
After moving back to Portland in 1993 he and six other men formed the Portland chapter of Brother to Brother, a social organization for African-American queer men.
In April 1996 Kinnard was involved in an automobile accident that left him paralyzed from the waist down, a day after attending his grandmother's funeral just outside of Jonestown, Mississippi.
He and his partner Scott Stapley were among the plaintiffs in Martinez vs. Kulongoski, an unsuccessful 2008 court challenge to 2004's Oregon Ballot Measure 36, which defined marriage narrowly as the union of a man and a woman.
Artistic influences and works
Kinnard's influences include underground cartoonist Howard Cruse, quadriplegic cartoonist John Callahan, cartoonist and memoirist Alison Bechdel, filmmaker Marlon Riggs, poet Essex Hemphill, cartoonist Lynda Barry, and historian Allan Bérubé.
Kinnard's writings, illustrations, and cartoons have been published in Meatmen: An Anthology of Gay Male Comics; A Queer Sense of Humor; The Indelible Alison Bechdel: Confessions, Comix, and Miscellaneous Dykes to Watch Out For; Juicy Mother; No Straight Lines; and in LGBTQ publications such as Portland's Just Out, Bay Area Reporter, Chicago's Windy City Times, and the literary lesbian and gay journal Out/Look magazine.
Through his company The Rupe Group Graphics, Kinnard has worked with Portland's Black United Front, Portland Storefront Theater, PassinArt, Theater Group, the National Organization for Women, National Lawyers Guild, Cascade AIDS Project, the Workers’ Organizing Committee, Oregonians Against the Death Penalty along with California Newsreel, Gay and Lesbian Press Association, National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association, Oakland Tribune and San Francisco's Theater Rhinoceros.
Awards and recognition
Two of Kinnard's publications received the National Gay Press Association award for best overall design: Just Out (1983) and the San Francisco Sentinel (1987).
In 1992 his "Cathartic Comics" strip was featured as part of the San Francisco Cartoon Art Museum's "Black Ink: An Exhibit of African American Cartoonists", and original panels from it were included in the museum's permanent collection.
He received Pride Northwest's "Spirit of Pride" award in 1996.
Kinnard's business The Rupe Group Graphics was awarded the Oregon Cascade AIDS Project’s Community Angel Award in 2007.
In 2013 he received a "Standing on the Shoulders" Lifetime Achievement Award from the World Arts Foundation, which stated that his "artistic talent and leadership to reach out to the LGBTQ community honors the legacy of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr."
He was a featured panelist at the first Queers & Comics conference in May 2015, as one of the "Pioneers of Queer Men's Comics" and a speaker on "Queer Comics, Health and Dis/Ability".
- Lynn, Logan. "Queer Heroes NW – June 11th, 2013 – Featured Hero: Rupert Kinnard". Q Center. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Booker, M. Keith (Oct 28, 2014). Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. ABC-CLIO. p. 599. ISBN 9780313397516. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Baim, Tracy (2009-07-15). "The 'Diva' Comes To Life". Windy City Times. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Rupert Kinnard: A Superhero of His Own Making". PQ Monthly. June 10, 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- CLAGS: The Center for LGBTQ Studies (2016-09-08), Queers & Comics: Pioneers of Queer Men's Comics, retrieved 2017-01-23
- Kinnard, Rupert (1992). B.B. and the Diva. Alyson Books. ISBN 9781555831349.
- "JUAN MARTINEZ et al. v. THEODORE R. KULONGOSKI et al". Judicial Department, State of Oregon.
- "Kinley Manor guest house". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Frank Roa". www.glapn.org. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
- "Kinnard wins lifetime achievement award". Cornell College. February 20, 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2016.