Russian battleship Sevastopol (1911)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sevastopol showing early vertical bow design.
Naval Ensign of Russia.svgRussian Empire
Name: Sevastopol
Builder: Baltic Works, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Laid down: 1909
Launched: October,1911
Out of service: 1918
Fate: Renamed Parizhskaya Kommuna and integrated into the Soviet Navy.
Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union (1950-1991).svgSoviet Union
Name: Parizhskaya Kommuna
Namesake: Paris Commune
Commissioned: 1923
Honours and
Order of the Red Banner
Fate: Scrapped in 1957
General characteristics
Class and type: Gangut-class battleship
Displacement: 26,692 tonnes
Length: 184.9 metres (607 ft)
Beam: 26.9 metres (88 ft)
Draft: 9.5 metres (31 ft)
Propulsion: steam engines, 60,600 hp
Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h)
Range: 2,625 nautical miles (4,862 km)
Complement: 1,126
Armament: list error: <br /> list (help)
12 × 305 mm
10 × 120 mm (originally 16)
6 × 76.2 mm
14 × 37 mm
10 × 12.7 mm machine guns
89 × 7.62 mm machine guns
4 × 450 mm torpedo tubes

The Sevastopol (Севастополь) was a Russian and Soviet Dreadnought battleship of the Gangut class.

The Sevastopol built at the Baltic Shipyard, St.Petersburg, was laid down 1909, launched in October 1911, and completed in November 1914. Sevastopol-type ships at that time were technically the best military Gangut class ships.[1] In 1914-1918 she fought in the World War I at the Baltic Fleet, in 1918 she took part in the Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet[2] and in 1919 - in the Defense of Petrograd.[1] Originally named after the city of Sevastopol in the Crimea, renamed Parizhskaya Kommuna after the Paris Commune of 1871 on March 31, 1921, she was transferred to the Black Sea Fleet in 1929, because all of the Black Sea dreadnoughts were lost during the Revolution and subsequent Russian Civil War. Arriving at Sevastopol on January 18 1930 the ship became the flagship of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet. During the Great Patriotic War she took part in the Defence of Sevastopol (1941-1942) and later in other military actions of the Black Sea Fleet. In particular, approaching occupied Sevastopol in December 1942, she opened fire on Nazi positions, destroying 13 tanks, 8 field guns, 4 prime movers and 37 trucks with military freight.[2] She was renamed Sevastopol in 1943 and awarded the Order of the Red Banner on July 8 1945.[3][1] She was scrapped in 1957.

Sevastopol in dry dock during WWI