1945

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita2698
Armenian calendar1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar6695
Baháʼí calendar101–102
Balinese saka calendar1866–1867
Bengali calendar1352
Berber calendar2895
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2489
Burmese calendar1307
Byzantine calendar7453–7454
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4642 or 4435
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4643 or 4436
Coptic calendar1661–1662
Discordian calendar3111
Ethiopian calendar1937–1938
Hebrew calendar5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11945
Igbo calendar945–946
Iranian calendar1323–1324
Islamic calendar1364–1365
Japanese calendarShōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar1875–1876
Juche calendar34
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4278
Minguo calendarROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar477
Thai solar calendar2488
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

1945 marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. It is also the year concentration camps were liberated and the only year in which atomic weapons have been used in combat.

Events[edit]

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January[edit]

January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February[edit]

February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March[edit]

April[edit]

April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, commits suicide.

May[edit]

a black and white image of two Marines in their combat uniforms. One Marine is providing cover fire with his M1 Thompson submachinegun as the other with a Browning Automatic Rifle, prepares to break cover to move to a different position. There are bare sticks and rocks on the ground.
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 9 – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.

June[edit]

June 5Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July[edit]

July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August[edit]

August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

September[edit]

September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.
September 9 – Japanese troops formally relinquish control of Southern Korea over to the United States, effectively ending Japan's 35-year rule over Korea.

October[edit]

October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Stephen Stills
Sir Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar
Tom Selleck
Bob Marley
Edwin Catmull
Tuilaʻepa Saʻilele Malielegaoi
Ana Lúcia Torre
Björn Ulvaeus
Bob Seger
Yochanan Vollach
Priscilla Presley
Laurent Gbagbo
John Carlos
Wolfgang Schüssel
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Dame Helen Mirren
Patrick Modiano
David Sanborn
Steve Martin
Wyomia Tyus
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schüler

February[edit]

Anne Frank
José María Moncada
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy

March[edit]

David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer

April[edit]

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler

May[edit]

Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito

June[edit]

Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón

July[edit]

Óscar R. Benavides

August[edit]

Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September[edit]

Béla Bartók

October[edit]

Pierre Laval

November[edit]

Sigurður Eggerz

December[edit]

George S. Patton

Nobel Prizes[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Ian Buruma. Year Zero: A History of 1945 (Penguin Press; 2013) 368 pages; covers liberation, revenge, decolonization, and the rise of the United Nations. excerpt
  • International News Service, It Happened In 1945 The Essential Year Book (1946)
  • Keith Lowe. Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II (2012) excerpt and text search
  • McDannald, A. H. ed. The Americana Annual 1946 (1946) events of 1945 online; encyclopedia yearbook global coverage in 950pp
  • Walter Yust, ed. 10 Eventful Years, 1937 – 1946 Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1947, 4 vol., encyclopedia yearbook online