Séverine Autesserre

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Séverine Autesserre
Autessereheadshot.jpg
Born (1976-12-06) 6 December 1976 (age 45)
Paris, France
OccupationResearcher and professor
TitleProfessor and Chair of Political Science at Barnard College, Columbia University
Academic background
EducationYale University (post-doctorate), New York University (Ph.D), Columbia University (master's degree), Sciences Po (master's degree), Sorbonne University (B.A.)
Academic work
Notable worksPeaceland (2014),[1] The Trouble with the Congo (2010)[2] and The Frontlines of Peace (2021)[3]
Websiteseverineautesserre.com

Séverine Autesserre (born 6 December 1976) is a French-American author and researcher.[4] She writes about war and peace, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, humanitarian aid, the ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and African politics. Her research has influenced policy interventions as well as scholarly debates on peacebuilding and on Congo. Autesserre is a Professor and Chair of Political Science at Barnard College, Columbia University (New York, US), where she specializes in international relations and African studies. Before becoming an academic, she worked for international humanitarian and development agencies.

Education[edit]

Autesserre obtained her B.A. in political science from Sorbonne University in 1997. She earned her master's degree in international relations and political science from Sciences Po and Columbia University, and her Ph.D. in political science from New York University in 2006. She undertook post-doctorate studies at Yale University in 2007.[5][6]

Books and scholarly publications[edit]

Autesserre's early research culminated in her first book, The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding in 2010.[2] The book explains why international efforts to end civil wars often fail.[7] Drawing from interviews and field research, it presents a case study of the international intervention during the Democratic Republic of Congo's unsuccessful transition from war to peace and democracy (2003–06).[8] It argues that local rivalries over land, resources, and political power motivated widespread violence. However, an international peacebuilding culture shaped the intervention strategy in a way that precluded action on local conflicts, ultimately dooming the international efforts.[9]

Autessere's second book, Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention, was published in 2014.[1] The book suggests a new explanation for why international peace interventions so often fail to reach their full potential.[10] It demonstrates that everyday elements – such as the expatriates’ social habits and common approaches to understanding their areas of operation – strongly influence peacebuilding effectiveness.[11] Through this analysis of the interveners’ everyday life and work, Peaceland proposes innovative ways to better help host populations build a sustainable peace.[12]

Autesserre's third book, The Frontlines of Peace: An Insider's Guide to Changing the World,[13] was released by Oxford University Press in 2021.[14] Drawing on field research in 12 different conflict zones around the world such as Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somaliland, in addition to analyses of social initiatives in Europe and North America, this book looks at what works to build peace during and after mass violence.[15][14] It portrays "ordinary yet extraordinary individuals and communities" that have decreased or ended violence in various parts of the world.[16][14][17]

Teaching[edit]

Autesserre has taught at New York University, Yale University and currently teaches at Columbia University's Barnard College,[18] School of International and Public Affairs,[19] and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. She teaches classes on African politics, international relations, and war and peace, and she chairs the Barnard political science department.[20][21] In 2021, Autesserre received Barnard College's Emily Gregory Award, a student-nominated award for excellence in teaching.[22]

Influence and awards[edit]

According to Google Scholar, Autesserre's work has been cited in 3,800 scholarly texts,[23] including more than 1,200 works citing The Trouble With the Congo[24] and 1,000 works citing Peaceland.[25]

Her three books have positioned Autesserre as "an authoritative voice" on international humanitarian interventions.[26] Her publications on peacebuilding have helped shape intervention strategies for several United Nations departments,[27][28] foreign affairs ministries, philanthropists,[29] activists,[30] and non-governmental organizations.[31] She has testified before the U.S. Congress[32] and the United Nations Security Council,[33] and her research was quoted in debates at the U.S. House of Representatives[34] and the Canadian Parliament.[35] Her publications have helped put local conflict resolution on the agenda of policy-makers and practitioners working in Congo.[36][37] Autesserre is considered "one of the foremost thinkers on international peace-building" in the decade since 2010.[38] She has been invited to present her research in Australia,[39] Brazil,[40] Canada,[41] Congo,[42] France,[43] Germany,[44] the United Kingdom,[45] Sweden,[46] and Switzerland.[47]

Autesserre's first paper won the 2006 Best Graduate Student Paper award from the African Studies Association,[48] and her article "Dangerous Tales" won the 2012 Best Article award from the African Politics Conference Group.[49] The same year, her book The Trouble with the Congo won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order.[50] The book also won the 2011 Chadwick Alger Prize awarded by the International Studies Association.[51]

Autesserre's work Peaceland won the 2016 Best Book of the Year Award[52] and the 2015 Yale H. Ferguson Award[53] from the International Studies Association, as well as honorable mentions for three other book prizes: the 2014 African Argument Book of the Year,[54] the 2015 Chadwick Alger Prize from the International Studies Association,[55] and the 2015 Conflict Research Society Book of the Year.[56]

Her work The Frontlines of Peace has been funded by organizations including the Carnegie Corporation, the Gerda Henkel Foundation, and the Folke Bernadotte Academy. In April 2021, Autesserre presented The Frontlines of Peace to the United Nations Security Council.[57] Her book has received positive reviews from The Washington Post,[58] The New York Times,[59] and Le Soir,[60] as well as a recommendation from Gideon Rachman of the Financial Times who listed the book as part of his "Summer Books of 2021."[61]

In September 2021, Autesserre was awarded the Victor Sidel and Barry Levy Award for Peace from the American Public Health Association in recognition of her contributions to preventing war and promoting international peace.[62] Earlier in the year, Autesserre was also named a Knight of the Order of Academic Palms (Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques) by the French Government, a historical knighthood for French academic, cultural, and educational figures. Her research has won her an Emerging Scholar Award from the International Studies Association (2021),[63] a Special Prize of the Jury from the French Red Cross Fund (2017), an Andrew Carnegie Fellowship (2016),[64][65] a 2016 Foreign Policy Interrupted fellowship, two research awards from the United States Institute of Peace (2004–05 and 2010–12),[66] two Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation research grants (2010 and 2011), a Presidential Research Award from Barnard College (2010), two Mellon Fellowships in Security and Humanitarian Action (2004–06), and a Fulbright Fellowship (1999–2000).[67]

She is one of the seven main characters in Timothy Pachirat's book Among Wolves.[68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Autesserre, Severine (2014). Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ a b Autesserre, Severine (2010). The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Autesserre, Séverine (2021). The Frontlines of Peace. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-753035-1.
  4. ^ "Analysis of what went wrong in Congo wins Grawemeyer Award". Grawemeyer Award. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Severine Autesserre - Barnard Faculty Profile". Barnard College - Columbia University. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  6. ^ Autesserre, Severine. "Severine Autesserre - CV" (PDF). Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  7. ^ Clark, John F. (2011). "Book review: The Trouble with the Congo". Perspectives on Politics. 9 (4): 202–203. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  8. ^ Popiden, Sandra (2013). "Local dimensions of war and peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo". International Studies Review. 15 (2): 302–306. doi:10.1111/misr.12039.
  9. ^ Nordås, Ragnhild (November 2012). "Book Notes: The Trouble With the Congo". Journal of Peace Research. 49 (6): 873–881. doi:10.1177/0022343312465518. S2CID 220786215.
  10. ^ Peake, Gordon (2016). "If This Is the Way the World Works ...". International Peacekeeping. 23 (1): 196–210. doi:10.1080/13533312.2015.1126519. S2CID 147453067.
  11. ^ H-Diplo (2016). "Roundtable 9-5 on Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention". H-Diplo ISSF Roundtable. XI (5). Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  12. ^ Tétreault, M. (2015). "Peaceland: Conflict resolution and the everyday politics of international intervention". Choice. 52 (5): 887–888. doi:10.5860/choice.186665. ProQuest 1647791675.
  13. ^ "The Frontlines of Peace: An Insider's Guide to Changing the World".
  14. ^ a b c Autesserre, Severine (2021). The Frontlines of Peace: An Insider's Guide to Changing the World. Oxford University Press.
  15. ^ "Los frentes de la paz". Política Exterior (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  16. ^ Abrahamian, Atossa Araxia (2 March 2021). "How to Help Endangered and Impoverished Peoples". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  17. ^ Full Frame: Peacekeepers with Severine Autesserre, retrieved 26 December 2021
  18. ^ "Severine Autesserre - Barnard Faculty Profile". Barnard College - Columbia University. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  19. ^ "Séverine Autesserre, SIPA faculty profile". SIPA website.
  20. ^ "Severine Autesserre - Teaching". Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Faculty | Barnard Political Science". polisci.barnard.edu. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  22. ^ "Professor Séverine Autesserre To Be Named the 2021 Emily Gregory Award Winner". Barnard College. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Séverine Autesserre".
  24. ^ "Google Scholar".
  25. ^ "Google Scholar".
  26. ^ Veit, Alex (15 June 2015). "Review of "The Trouble with the Congo" and "Peaceland"". European Journal of International Relations. 2 (1): 121–127.
  27. ^ Benner, Thorsten (1 November 2011). "Heart of Darkness". Survival. 53 (5): 169–178. doi:10.1080/00396338.2011.621642. ISSN 0039-6338. S2CID 219639176.
  28. ^ de Vries, Hugo (2015). Going around in circles: peacekeeping and stabilization in Congo. Clingendael institute – via http://www.clingendael.nl/sites/default/files/going_around_in_circles.pdf.
  29. ^ "When It Comes to Promoting Peace, Where Can Funding Do the Most Good?". Inside Philanthropy. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  30. ^ Cohen, Noam (11 March 2012). "'Kony 2012' Video Illustrates the Power of Simplicity". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  31. ^ Full Frame: Peacekeepers with Severine Autesserre, retrieved 26 December 2021
  32. ^ "Subcommittee Hearing: Resolving the Political Crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Committee on Foreign Affairs". Committee on Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  33. ^ "Séverine Autesserre Discusses Her New Book at the United Nations Security Council". www.siwps.org. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  34. ^ United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services (16 May 2013). "Memorandum - Subject: May 21, 2013, Monetary Policy and Trade Subcommittee Hearing on "The Unintended Consequences of Dodd-Frank's Conflict Minerals Provision"" (PDF). Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  35. ^ "Comités de la Chambre des communes - SDIR (40-3) - Témoignages - Numéro 033". www.parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  36. ^ Legatis, Rousbeh (20 September 2013). "Congo-Kinshasa: Q&A - Congolese Wrongly Branded As "Pathological"". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  37. ^ Lemarchand, René (1 November 2013). "Reflections on the Recent Historiography of Eastern Congo". The Journal of African History. 54 (3): 417–437. doi:10.1017/S002185371300073X. ISSN 0021-8537.
  38. ^ MacDougall, Clair (24 May 2021). "'Peace Inc.' Has Failed. This Expert Proposes a New Way to Peacemaking". PassBlue. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  39. ^ "International Dynamics of Making Peace and Preventing Atrocity: Where do We Stand". 12 October 2016.
  40. ^ "Palestra Peaceland: Conflict resolition and the everyday politics of international intervention | AAA PUC".
  41. ^ "Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention".
  42. ^ ByU.O.B. "CONFERENCE SUR LA PRESENTATION DE L'OUVRAGE " THE FRONTLINES OF PEACE " – Université Officielle de Bukavu" (in French). Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Débat du 19 juin 2015 | Newsletters".
  44. ^ "BICC Press/Press releases/".
  45. ^ "Peaceland: Conflict resolution and the everyday politics of international intervention | Annual Elizabeth Colson Lecture 2016 — Refugee Studies Centre".
  46. ^ http://www.nai.uu.se/events/Severine-Autesserre-5-May-2015.pdf
  47. ^ http://koff.swisspeace.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/koff/Documents/Invitation_KOFF_Roundtable_Success_and_Failure.pdf
  48. ^ "Graduate Student Paper Prize Winners". African Studies Association. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  49. ^ "African Politics Conference Group - Past Awards". African Politics Conference group. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  50. ^ "Analysis of what Went Wrong in Congo Wins Grawemeyer Award". Grawemeyer Awards. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  51. ^ "Chadwick Alger Prize - Past Recipients". International Studies Association. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  52. ^ "ISA Annual Best Book Award". International Studies Association. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  53. ^ "Yale H. Ferguson Award - Past Recipients". International Studies Association.
  54. ^ African Arguments Editor (5 January 2015). "African Arguments Book of the Year". African Arguments. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  55. ^ "Chadwick Alger Prize - Past Recipients". International Studies Association.
  56. ^ "The Conflict Research Society Book of the Year". CRS - Conflict Research Society. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  57. ^ https://twitter.com/SeverineAR/status/1381695907218006017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  58. ^ Barma, Naazneen (20 August 2021). "This book explains when peacekeeping works — and when it doesn't". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  59. ^ Abrahamian, Atossa Araxia (2 March 2021). "How to Help Endangered and Impoverished Peoples". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  60. ^ Braeckman, Colette (2 August 2021). "RD Congo: pourquoi les faiseurs de paix ont échoué". Le Soir (in French). Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  61. ^ "Summer books of 2021: Politics". www.ft.com. 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  62. ^ "APHA announces 2021 awards for excellence in public health". apha.org. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  63. ^ "Congratulations to Severine Autesserre for Winning the 2021 Emerging Scholar Award". Twitter.
  64. ^ "Announcing the 2016 Andrew Carnegie Fellows". Carnegie Corporation of New York. 19 April 2016.
  65. ^ "Meet Carnegie Fellow Severine Autesserre". Political Science Now. 5 August 2016.
  66. ^ "The Trouble with the Congo". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  67. ^ "Interview with Séverine Autesserre". Foreign Policy Interrupted. 5 December 2016.
  68. ^ Timothy Pachirat, Among Wolves: Ethnography and the Immersive Study of Power. Routledge, 2017.

External links[edit]