S-carboxymethylcysteine synthase

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S-carboxymethylcysteine synthase
Identifiers
EC number 4.5.1.5
CAS number 124671-39-2
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a S-carboxymethylcysteine synthase (EC 4.5.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

3-chloro-L-alanine + thioglycolate S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine + chloride

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 3-chloro-L-alanine and thioglycolate, whereas its two products are S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine and chloride.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the class of carbon-halide lyases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-chloro-L-alanine chloride-lyase (adding thioglycolate S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine-forming). This enzyme is also called S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine synthase. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

References[edit]

  • Kumagai H, Suzuki H, Shigematsu H, Tuchikura T (1989). "S-Carboxymethylcysteine synthase from Escherichia coli". Agric. Biol. Chem. 53: 2481–2487. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.53.2481.