Doctor of Juridical Science
Doctor of Juridical Science, Doctor of the Science of Law, (in Latin) Scientiae Juridicae Doctor (sometimes also referred to as a Doctor of Laws), abbreviated J.S.D. or S.J.D., is a research doctorate in law and equivalent to the Ph.D. It is offered primarily in the United States, where it originated, in Canada and in Australia. As a research doctorate, it follows professional training in law (LL.B. or J.D.) and the first graduate-level training in law (Master of Laws), and is primarily aimed at training professors, legal scientists, and other scholars in law.
The J.S.D., or S.J.D. is a research doctorate, and as such it is generally accepted as equivalent to the more commonly awarded research doctorate, the PhD It is considered the "terminal degree in law" by Indiana University and as the "most advanced law degree" by Harvard Law School, Yale Law School (J.S.D. Handbook), George Washington University, New York University, Stanford University,; UCLA; and Tulane University. The University of Kansas School of Law and Pace University also offer the S.J.D. The National Association of Legal Professionals states that the J.S.D./S.J.D. is "typically the most advanced (or terminal) law degree that would follow the earning of the LL.M. and J.D. degrees." Some law schools, such as Case Western Reserve University and Widener University, offer the S.J.D. in Health Law.
Applicants for the program normally must have a first degree in law (such as a J.D. or LL.B.) and an LL.M., but an LL.M. is not always required. The S.J.D. typically requires three to five years to complete, and requires an advanced study in law as a scientific discipline and a dissertation, which serves as an original contribution to the scholarly field of law.
- Doctor of Law
- Legum Doctor (Doctor of Laws) (LL.D.)
- Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- Master of Laws (LL.M.)
- Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)
- Doctor of Canon Law (J.C.D.)
Notes and references
- "Doctor of Juridical Science – Legal Definition". Yourdictionary.com. 20 August 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) at the Wayback Machine (archived February 11, 2008)
- "LL.M. and S.J.D. Programs, Graduate Studies in Law". Law.virginia.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Doctorate document[dead link] at US Dept. of Education
- "S.J.D. Degree". Indylaw.indiana.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "S.J.D. Courses & Academics". Law.harvard.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Yale Law School | Contact the Graduate Programs Office". Law.yale.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- The George Washington University. "SJD | Full List of Programs | Find a Graduate Program | Graduate & Professional | Learn | The George Washington University". Gwu.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "NYU Law – LL.M. & J.S.D.: J.S.D. Program". Law.nyu.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Stanford Law School. "Doctor of Science of Law (JSD) | Stanford Law School". Law.stanford.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Enrollment Options – School of Law". Law.ku.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "DOCTOR OF JURIDICAL SCIENCE: SJD IN HEALTH LAW". http://law.case.edu/. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Widener Law – Doctor of Juridical Science in Health Law". Law.widener.edu. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Doctor of Juridical Science Degree". Law.gwu.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Georgetown Law – Doctor of Juridical Science (Admissions)". Law.georgetown.edu. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) Requirements". Law.duke.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Tulane Law School Prospective Students". Law.tulane.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2011.