Sabha, Libya

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Sabha
سبها
Sebha Bank from Kazem hotel
Sebha Bank from Kazem hotel
Sabha is located in Libya
Sabha
Sabha
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 27°02′20″N 14°25′35″E / 27.03889°N 14.42639°E / 27.03889; 14.42639
Country  Libya
Region Fezzan
District Sabha
Elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 96,872
Time zone EET (UTC+2)

Sabha or Sebha /ˈsɛb.hɑː/ (Arabic: سبها‎‎ Sabhā) is an oasis city in southwestern Libya,[2] approximately 640 kilometres (400 mi) south of Tripoli.[3] It was historically the capital of the Fezzan region and the Military Territory of Fezzan-Ghadames and is now capital of the Sabha District.[4] Sabha Air Base, south of the city, is a Libyan Air Force installation that is home to multiple MiG-25 aircraft.[5]

History[edit]

In historical times, Sabha was a major centre of the Libyan caravan trade.[6] Sabha Oasis, near Sabha, was the test site of OTRAG rockets, after launching was no longer possible in Shaba North in Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo). On 1 March 1981 an OTRAG rocket with a maximum height of 50 km (31 mi) was launched. It was also a remote test site for the Soviet Space program from 1984 to 1991.[7]

In a 2004 report by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Sabha base was linked with Libya's nuclear weapons program.[8] In September 2011, Anti-Gaddafi forces seized Sabha as part of the Fezzan campaign.[9]

In April 2017, the BBC reported that there was a slave market for African migrants in Sabha.[10]

Climate[edit]

Sabha has a hot desert climate.

Climate data for Sabha (1962–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
22.0
(71.6)
26.1
(79)
31.8
(89.2)
35.7
(96.3)
39.2
(102.6)
38.3
(100.9)
37.8
(100)
35.9
(96.6)
31.3
(88.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.0
(68)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
6.8
(44.2)
10.6
(51.1)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
21.3
(70.3)
16.9
(62.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.7
(42.3)
15.2
(59.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
(0.043)
0.8
(0.031)
0.5
(0.02)
0.5
(0.02)
0.3
(0.012)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(0.016)
2.1
(0.083)
0.9
(0.035)
1.1
(0.043)
8.2
(0.323)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 2.9
Average relative humidity (%) 42 37 31 22 27 27 32 30 27 29 38 40 32
Mean monthly sunshine hours 260 252 269 275 304 341 375 361 295 284 258 252 3,526
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[11]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity and sun 1961–1990)[12][13][a]

Landmarks[edit]

Sabha is famous for the Fort Elena castle,[14] which is the castle featured on the reverse of the ten dinars banknote of Libya. Fort Elena was previously known as Fortezza Margherita, built during the Italian colonial period. Currently the Italian-built fort is a military institution.[15] The University of Sabha is situated in the city. It has been involved with field studies in the desert.[16] There are numerous irrigation canals, which are used to provide freshwater for growing crops.[6]

Transport[edit]

The city is served by Sabha Airport, which underwent expansion in the late 1970s.[17] An 800 km (500 mi) long railway has been proposed from Sabha to the port of Misrata for iron ore transport.[18] This railway could continue to Niger and beyond.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for Sebha is 62124 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Gazetteer. "Libya: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Malcolm, Peter; Losleben, Elizabeth (2004). Libya. Marshall Cavendish. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7614-1702-6. 
  3. ^ Walt, Vivienne. "The Capture of Gaddafi's Son: The Reformer Who Refused to Reform." TIME. November 19, 2011. Retrieved on November 19, 2011.
  4. ^ Francesca Davis DiPiazza (2006). Libya in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-8225-2549-6. 
  5. ^ Libya: Ministry of Defense: Air Force: Air Order of Battle GlobalSecurity.org
  6. ^ a b DiPiazza, Francesca (1 September 2005). Libya in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8225-2549-3. 
  7. ^ "Пранаб Мукерджи: Коррупция – это зло, которое может угнетать дух нации". Vedomosti. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  8. ^ Griffiths, Katherine (2007) "Libya stalls on pledge to destroy stock of uranium" The Daily Telegraph 13 August 2007, p. 16
  9. ^ Wedeman, Ben (20 September 2011). "Government forces enter Libya's Sabha, to cheers". CNN. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "African migrants sold in Libya 'slave markets', IOM says". BBC News. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "World Weather Information Service–Sebha". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Klimatafel von Sebha / Libyen" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Station 62124 Sebha". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  14. ^ Martin, B. G. (1984) "Ahmad Rasim Pasha and the Fazzan Slave Trade, 1881-1896" pp. 64-65 in Willis, John Ralph (ed.) (1984) Slaves and Slavery in Muslim Africa: The Servile Estate Cass, London, pp. 51-82, ISBN 0-7146-3201-5
  15. ^ "Salvare la Fortezza Margherita" (in Italian). Agcnews.eu. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2016. 
  16. ^ Worsley, D. (19 December 2000). Geological Exploration in Murzuq Basin. Elsevier. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-08-053246-2. 
  17. ^ Translations on Near East and North Africa. Joint Publications Research Service. 1977. p. 31. 
  18. ^ Xinhua News Agency (2008) "Chinese win Libya rail bidding" International Herald Tribune 19 February 2008, Finance Section, p. 13

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°02′20″N 14°25′35″E / 27.03889°N 14.42639°E / 27.03889; 14.42639