Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi in 1964
|7th Prime Minister of Sudan|
May 6, 1986 – June 30, 1989
|Preceded by||Al-Jazuli Daf'allah|
|Succeeded by||Bakri Hassan Saleh (as Prime Minister in 2017)|
July 27, 1966 – May 18, 1967
|Preceded by||Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub|
|Succeeded by||Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub|
December 25, 1935 |
Al-Abasya, Omdurman, Sudan
|Political party||National Umma Party|
Sadiq al-Mahdi (Arabic: الصادق المهدي) (also known as Sadiq Al Siddiq, born December 25, 1935) is a Sudanese political and religious figure who was Prime Minister of Sudan from 1966 to 1967 and again from 1986 to 1989. He is head of the National Umma Party and Imam of the Ansar, a sufi order that pledges allegiance to Muhammad Ahmad, who claimed to be the Mahdi, the messianic saviour of Islam.
Sadiq al-Mahdi was born on December 25, 1935 in Al-Abasya, Omdurman, Sudan. He is the grandson of Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, founder of the Umma party, and great-grandson of Muhammad Ahmad, the Sudanese sufi sheikh of the Ansar and self-proclaimed Mahdi who led the Mahdist War to reclaim Sudan from Anglo-Egyptian rule. He is also the paternal uncle of Sudanese-British actor Alexander Siddig.
Sadiq al-Mahdi was Prime Minister of Sudan on two occasions: first briefly in 1966-67, and second from 1986 until his ousting on 30 June 1989.
First term as Prime Minister (1966-1967)
Second term as Prime Minister (1986-1989)
In 1986, Sadiq formed a coalition government comprising the Umma Party (which he led); the National Islamic Front (led by his brother-in-law, Hassan Al-Turabi); the Democratic Unionist Party (led by Mohammed Uthman al-Mirghani al-Khatim); and four small Southern parties. On June 30, 1989, his government was overthrown in a coup led by Colonel Omar al-Bashir. The post of Prime Minister of Sudan was then abolished.
1989 coup and afterwards
Mahdi has continued to lead the Umma Party in opposition to Bashir since being ousted in the 30 June 1989 coup d'état led by Omar al-Bashir. He spent a period in exile but eventually returned to Sudan in November 2000. He ran unsuccessfully for the 2010 presidential elections, pledging not to hand Bashir to the International Criminal Court to faces charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes, arguing that it would destabilise the country.
In 2014 the government alleged that Mahdi had collaborated with rebels, and consequently Mahdi fled to Egypt. He eventually returned to Khartoum on 26 January 2017. Speaking to a crowd of supporters on the occasion, he declared that he had come back "to stop war, achieve peace and set up democracy and restitution of rights" and vowed to "work to fight Islamic extremist groups and revive moderate Islam".
He is the author of a variety of scholarly and political books, including The Southern Question (1964); Speeches in Exile (1976); Questions on Mahadism (1979); Legitimate Penalties and Their Position in the Islamic Social System (1987); Democracy in Sudan: Will Return and Triumph (1990); Challenges of the Nineties (1991).
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- Gabriel Warburg (2003). Islam, sectarianism, and politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 171. ISBN 0-299-18294-0.
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- Political Parties of the World. 6th edition, 2005, Bogdan Szajkowski (ed.), John Harper, ISBN 0955114403, p. 113.
- Maram Mazen (February 1, 2010) Sudanese Candidate Al-Mahdi Wouldn’t Hand Over Bashir to ICC. Bloomberg
- "Sudanese opposition leader Sadiq al-Mahdi returns from two-year exile", Reuters, 26 January 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sadiq al-Mahdi.|
- Helen Chapin Metz, ed.,"Umma Party", Sudan: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.