Taxonomy and systematics
This species' scientific name honors Louis Antoine François Baillon. The saffron toucanet was originally described in the genus Ramphastos and has also been placed in the genus Andigena by some authorities. It was formerly placed in the monotypic genus Baillonius, but Kimura et al. (2004) were able to show that the saffron toucanet belongs in the genus Pteroglossus. Alternate names include Baillon's toucan, banana toucan, saffron-colored araçari and yellow toucanet.
It is a relatively long-tailed toucan with a total length of 35–40 cm (14–16 in). As suggested by its common name, it is, uniquely among toucans, overall saffron yellow. The back and tail are darker, more olive in colour. The rump, ocular skin and patches on the basal half of the otherwise greenish-horn bill are red. The iris is pale yellowish.
It is threatened by habitat loss and currently considered Near Threatened by BirdLife International. It occurs in several protected areas, such as the Itatiaia National Park and Parque Estadual Intervales; both in south-eastern Brazil.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Pteroglossus bailloni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Collection ornithologique musée George-Sand de La Châtre". Cahiers Naturalistes de l'Indre. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "South American Classification Committee". Merge Baillonius into Pteroglossus. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
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