Sagittarius in Chinese astronomy

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The modern constellation Sagittarius lies across two of the quadrants, symbolized by the Azure Dragon of the East (東方青龍, Dōng Fāng Qīng Lóng) and Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 人馬座 (rén mǎ zuò), which means "the horse-man constellation".

Stars[edit]

The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Sagittarius area consists of :

Four Symbols / Enclosures Mansion / Enclosure (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
Azure Dragon of the East (東方青龍)
Winnowing Basket Winnowing Basket
γ Sgr[1]
箕宿一 Jīsùyī 1st star
箕宿距星 Jīsùjùxīng Separated star
箕宿西北星 Jīsùxīběixīng Northwestern star
δ Sgr[1]
箕宿二 Jīsùèr 2nd star
箕宿东北星 Jīsùdōngběixīng Northeastern star
ε Sgr[1]
箕宿三 Jīsùsān 3rd star
箕宿东南星 Jīsùdōngnánxīng Southeastern star
η Sgr 箕宿四 Jīsùsì 4th star
Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武)
Dǒu Dipper Dǒu Dipper
φ Sgr[1]
斗宿一 Dǒusùyī 1st star
斗宿距星 Dǒusùjùxīng Separated star
斗宿魁第一星 Dǒusùkuídìyīxīng 1st chief star
南斗一 Nándǒuyī 1st southern dipper
天府 Tiānfǔ
司令鎮國上將 Sīlìngzhēnguóshàng High officer in charge of controlling in country town
令星 Lìngxīng Honored star
禄库 Lùkù Storehouse of good fortune
λ Sgr[1]
斗宿二 Dǒusùèr 2nd star
斗宿魁第二星 Dǒusùkuídìèrxīng 2nd chief star
南斗二 Nándǒuèr 2nd southern dipper
天梁 Tiānliáng
μ Sgr[1]
斗宿三 Dǒusùsān 3rd star
斗宿魁第三星 Dǒusùkuídìsānxīng 3rd chief star
南斗三 Nándǒusān 3rd southern dipper
天机 Tiānjī
善宿 Shànsù Good lodge
σ Sgr[1]
斗宿四 Dǒusùsì 4th star
斗宿魁第四星 Dǒusùkuídìsìxīng 4th chief star
南斗四 Nándǒusì 4th southern dipper
天同 Tiāntóng
天庙 Tiānmiào Celestial temple
τ Sgr[1]
斗宿五 Dǒusùwu 5th star
斗宿魁第五星 Dǒusùkuídìwuxīng 5th chief star
南斗五 Nándǒuwu 5th southern dipper
ζ Sgr[1]
斗宿六 Dǒusùliù 6th star
斗宿魁第六星 Dǒusùkuídìliùxīng 6th chief star
南斗六 Nándǒuliù 6th southern dipper
七殺星 Qīshāxīng Star of seven murder
6 Sgr 斗宿增一 Dǒusùzēngyī 1st additional star
15 Sgr 斗宿增二 Dǒusùzēngèr 2nd additional star
21 Sgr 斗宿增三 Dǒusùzēngsān 3rd additional star
26 Sgr 斗宿增四 Dǒusùzēngísì 4th additional star
26 Sgr 斗宿增四 Dǒusùzēngísì 4th additional star
Jiàn Establishment
ξ2 Sgr[2]
建一 Jiànyī 1st star
建西第一星 Jiànxīdìyīxīng 1st western star
西建西星 Xījiànxīxīng Star in the west of western establishment
ο Sgr[2]
建二 Jiànèr 2nd star
建西第二星 Jiànxīdìèrxīng 2nd western star
西建中星 Xījiànzhōngxīng Star in the central of western establishment
π Sgr[2]
建三 Jiànsān 3rd star
建西第二星 Jiànxīdìèrxīng 2nd western star
西建东星 Xījiàndōngxīng Star in the east of western establishment
43 Sgr 建四 Jiànsì 4th star
ρ1 Sgr[2]
建五 Jiànwǔ 5th star
建东第二星 Jiàndōngdìèrxīng 2nd eastern star
东建中星 Dōngjiànzhōngxīng Star in the east of eastern establishment
υ Sgr[2] 建六 Jiànliù 6th star
29 Sgr 建增一 Jiànzēngyī 1st additional star
ξ1 Sgr 建增二 Jiànzēngèr 2nd additional star
33 Sgr 建增三 Jiànzēngsān 3rd additional star
31 Sgr 建增四 Jiànzēngsì 4th additional star
30 Sgr 建增五 Jiànzēngwǔ 5th additional star
ν1 Sgr 建增六 Jiànzēngliù 6th additional star
ν2 Sgr 建增七 Jiànzēngqī 7th additional star
ρ2 Sgr 建增八 Jiànzēngbā 8th additional star
HD 180562 建增九 Jiànzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
HD 180699 建增十 Jiànzēngshí 10th additional star
天雞 Tiānjī Celestial Cock
55 Sgr 天雞一 Tiānjīyī 1st star
56 Sgr 天雞二 Tiānjīèr 2nd star
54 Sgr 天雞增一 Tiānjīzēngyī 1st additional star
57 Sgr 天雞增二 Tiānjīzēngèr 2nd additional star
61 Sgr 天雞增三 Tiānjīzēngsān 3rd additional star
天籥 Tiānyuè Celestial Keyhole
63 Oph[3][4] 天籥一 Tiānyuèyī 1st star
HD 161664[4] 天籥二 Tiānyuèèr 2nd star
3 Sgr
天龠八 Tiānyuèbā 8th star
天鑰八 Tiānyàobā 8th key
4 Sgr 天龠增二 Tiānyuèzēngèr 2nd additional star
5 Sgr 天龠增三 Tiānyuèzēngsān 3rd additional star
7 Sgr 天龠增四 Tiānyuèzēngsì 4th additional star
狗國 Gǒuguó Dog Territory
ω Sgr[5] 狗國一 Gǒuguóyī 1st star
60 Sgr 狗國二 Gǒuguóèr 2nd star
62 Sgr 狗國三 Gǒuguósān 3rd star
59 Sgr 狗國四 Gǒuguósì 4th star
HD 190056 狗國增一 Gǒuguózēngyī 1st additional star
θ2 Sgr 狗國二 Gǒuguóèr 2nd star
HD 191408 狗國增三 Gǒuguózēngsān 3rd additional star
天淵 Tiānyuān Celestial Spring
β2 Sgr[5] 天淵一 Tiānyuānyī 1st star
β1 Sgr[5] 天淵二 Tiānyuānèr 2nd star
α Sgr[5] 天淵三 Tiānyuānsān 3rd star
ι Sgr 天淵增一 Tiānyuānzēngyī 1st additional star
θ1 Sgr 天淵增二 Tiānyuānzēngèr 2nd additional star
HD 189831 天淵增三 Tiānyuānzēngsān 3rd additional star
Gǒu Dog
52 Sgr 狗一 Gǒuyī 1st star
χ1 Sgr[5] 狗二 Gǒuèr 2nd star
51 Sgr 狗增一 Gǒuzēngyī 1st additional star
53 Sgr 狗增二 Gǒuzēngèr 2nd additional star
50 Sgr 狗增三 Gǒuzēngsān 3rd additional star
χ3 Sgr 狗增四 Gǒuzēngsì 4th additional star
48 Sgr 狗增五 Gǒuzēngwǔ 5th additional star
ψ Sgr 狗增六 Gǒuzēngliù 6th additional star
農丈人 Nóngzhàngrén Peasant HD 172910[4] 農丈人 Nóngzhàngrén (One star of)


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]