Saint-Maixent-l'École

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Saint-Maixent-l'École
Commune
The town hall in Saint-Maixent-l'Ecole
The town hall in Saint-Maixent-l'Ecole
Coat of arms of Saint-Maixent-l'École
Coat of arms
Saint-Maixent-l'École is located in France
Saint-Maixent-l'École
Saint-Maixent-l'École
Location within Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
Saint-Maixent-l'École is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Saint-Maixent-l'École
Saint-Maixent-l'École
Coordinates: 46°24′49″N 0°12′25″W / 46.4136°N 0.2069°W / 46.4136; -0.2069Coordinates: 46°24′49″N 0°12′25″W / 46.4136°N 0.2069°W / 46.4136; -0.2069
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Deux-Sèvres
Arrondissement Niort
Canton Saint-Maixent-l'École
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Léopold Moreau
Area1 5.22 km2 (2.02 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 7,832
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 79270 /79400
Elevation 52–115 m (171–377 ft)
(avg. 74 m or 243 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Maixent-l'École is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.

Geography[edit]

Saint-Maixent-l'École is located in the Haut Val de Sèvre area of western France, about 15 miles (24 km) from Niort and 40 miles (64 km) from La Rochelle. The town sits in a fertile and sheltered south-facing valley with a branch of the River Sevre running through it.

It enjoys a pleasant micro-climate – often being between 2 °C and 5 °C warmer than the surrounding hilltops – and sits in a predominantly rural landscape. The town is close to the autoroute networks and is well served by its own station, known to SNCF as 'St. Maixent Deux Sèvres'. SNCF-TGV and RER local trains run to Angoulême, Bordeaux, La Rochelle, Lille, Montauban, Niort, Paris, Poitiers and Tours

History[edit]

The town was founded in 459 by the Oratorian monk, Agapit. Agapit originally named the town Saint Saturnin. He would later be joined by Maixent, a fellow monk in 480. Later, during the Wars of Religion, St. Maixent was cast into the role of 'border town' between the Protestant strongholds around to the west and Catholic France to the east.[1]

Sights[edit]

Many of the town's buildings date from 15th century through the early 19th century. The town is home to a large abbey which dominates the skyline. The abbey houses the tombs of St. Maixent and St. Leger. The limestone that was used for many of the buildings was excavated from an extensive network of (what have become) vaulted cellars. These often extend down for two stories below ground and may be very large. Oldest secular premises in the town is the ancient Pharmacy on Rue Anatole France which has been undergoing a slow but dedicated restoration of its many hidden features.

Rue Chalon, the pedestrianized main shopping street was extensively rebuilt during the 18th century under the supervision of Count Blossac, Intendant of the Generalitat of Poitou. The entrance to Rue Chalon is signified by an elegant masonry arch (Porte Chalon)and the street beyond presents a pleasantly uniform facade of handsome period buildings with shops, bars and restaurants facing onto the street. The far end of Rue Chalon ends with a prospect of the Abbey. A charming relic of 'Old France' stands on this corner, a former Cordonnerie (shoe repairers) which has survived untouched by modernization of its street facade. Built in the 18th century upon the site of the Abbey Seminary, the extensive 12th-century cellarage below the shop was (probably) originally created by masons seeking out limestone from which the Abbey was constructed.

Rue Churay, just off this street has small public garden which contains the town's war memorial, and is regularly the site of ceremonies of remembrance. Attended by the town band at these affairs also offer an opportunity to see soldiers studying at St. Maixent's famous 'Ecole de l'Armee' in full dress. While unremarkable from the outside, one of the houses opposite the war memorial has a virtually intact lace-maker's house dating from the 12th to 14th centuries in a courtyard at the rear. This unusual survivor from the period when Poitou lace was famous throughout Europe has the large north-light window with stone window-seat typical of its kind.

Economy[edit]

The main agricultural products of the region around the town includes corn, sunflowers, flax, tobacco, and wine. Sugar Beet and Charente Melons also feature prominently. The town lies halfway between the Loire Valley and Bordeaux, in close proximity to the Cognac region. There are several specialty goats-milk cheeses produced in the area. The area is home to companies producing agricultural commodities, such as animal feed and vegetable oils

One of the mainstays of the local economy is the presence of the French Army NCO training school, which runs regular courses for all branches of the Army. There are extensive barracks, some parts dating back to the revolution.

There is a thriving Saturday market on the main street, a Food Hall on the market square, as well as branches of the usual supermarket chains and once a small cinema (L'Hermitage), which closed in 2012. 2014 has seen the opening of a new cultural center, the 'Agapit', which hosts musical and theatrical performances.

Twin towns[edit]

The town is twinned with Horsham in the United Kingdom. This fact is marked by the presence of an original red UK telephone kiosk outside the Mairie.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]