Salsomaggiore Terme

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Salsomaggiore Terme
Comune
Città di Salsomaggiore Terme
The Spa
The Spa
Coat of arms of Salsomaggiore Terme
Coat of arms
Salsomaggiore Terme is located in Italy
Salsomaggiore Terme
Salsomaggiore Terme
Location of Salsomaggiore Terme in Italy
Coordinates: 44°49′N 09°59′E / 44.817°N 9.983°E / 44.817; 9.983Coordinates: 44°49′N 09°59′E / 44.817°N 9.983°E / 44.817; 9.983
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province / Metropolitan city Parma (PR)
Frazioni See list
Government
 • Mayor Filippo Fritelli (PD)
Area
 • Total 81.68 km2 (31.54 sq mi)
Elevation 157 m (515 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 • Total 20,177
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Salsési
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43039
Dialing code 0524
Patron saint Vitalis
Saint day April 28
Website Official website

Salsomaggiore Terme is a town and comune in northern Italy. It is located in the province of Parma, in the Emilia-Romagna region, located at the foot of the Apennines. It is a popular Spa town. The water is strongly saline.

Due to its sodium content, the mineral water of Salsomaggiore belongs to the group of salty waters, a bromo-iodine-salt variety. A hypertonic and cold water extracted from artesian wells, 800 to 1,200 metres (2,600 to 3,900 ft) deep, at a temperature of 16 °C (61 °F) and at a density of 16° on the Baumé scale (1 degree Baumé is equivalent to approximately 11 grams (0.39 oz) salt per litre).

The main focus of the town lies in its baths, notably in the "terme" situated in the centre of the town. Since 2007 Salsomaggiore is home of a European Festival called Incontrarsi a Salsomaggiore, a celebration of art, music and theater dedicated to women and their health.

Notable attractions of this town are the central piazza with its clothing shops, the main centre of the town with a gelateria that is renowned throughout the area and the countryside surrounding this valley town. The town is also characterized by its parks and the large number of villas and hotels some of whom (like the Grand Hotel Regina) used during important events such Miss Italia of which the town was an important host until 2010.

The two villages nearby, Salsominore and Tabiano, have also their own baths. Salsomaggiore Terme is a World Trade Center (WTC).

History[edit]

During the reign of Marie Louise as Duchess of Parma that Salsomaggiore started to be recognized as a spa attraction for therapeutic purposes. Salsomaggiore then became one of the most famous and celebrated watering places in Europe.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Salsomaggiore Terme
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
7.6
(45.7)
12.3
(54.1)
17.3
(63.1)
21.6
(70.9)
26
(79)
28.9
(84)
27.7
(81.9)
23.8
(74.8)
17
(63)
10.9
(51.6)
5.3
(41.5)
16.9
(62.46)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
3.6
(38.5)
7.7
(45.9)
12.2
(54)
16.4
(61.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.2
(72)
18.8
(65.8)
13
(55)
7.6
(45.7)
2.7
(36.9)
12.41
(54.31)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
3.2
(37.8)
7.1
(44.8)
11.2
(52.2)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
16.7
(62.1)
13.8
(56.8)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
0.1
(32.2)
7.96
(46.33)
Source: CLIMATE-DATA.ORG

[1]

Notable people[edit]

  • Nicomede di Roma (... – Roma, 90), priest, martyr and saint. San Nicomede, a village just outside Salsomaggiore, has the most ancient church dedicated to the saint in the North of Italy.
  • Gian Domenico Romagnosi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1761 – Milan, 1835), jurist, philosopher and physician
  • Cristoforo Marzaroli (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1836 – Parma, 1871), sculptor
  • Emilio Respighi (Parma, 1860 – Milano, 1936), dermatologist, director of the Terme di Tabiano (1887 - 1912), consultant at the terme di Tabiano e Salsomaggiore Terme (1924 - 1932);
  • Dina Barberini (Tabiano Terme, 1862 – Milano, 1932), soprano;

Eva Tetrazzini (Milano, 1862 – Salsomaggiore Terme, 1938), soprano;

  • Galileo Chini (Firenze, 1873 – 1956), painter, architect, scenographer, designer e ceramist, author of the decorations of Terme Berzieri e other important buildings in town (1920 - 1926);
  • Cesare Orsenigo (Olginate, 1873 – Eichstätt, 1946), arcibishop and diplomatic, founded the Opera Pia Catena charity in 1902 and commissioned the Hospice Catena;
  • Riccardo Barilla (Parma, 1880 – Salsomaggiore Terme, 1947), entrepreneur;
  • Giuseppe Moroni (Cremona, 1888 – Roma, 1959), painter, author of the tryptic "The myth of Igea" painted on the entrance wall of the Terme Berzieri
  • Alberto Bazzoni (San Nicomede, 1889 – Milano, 1973), sculptor
  • Alexandrina Evelina Leschan (1910 – Fidenza 1987), singer, resident of Salsomaggiore in the last years of her life;
  • Giorgio Almirante (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1914 - Roma, 1988), politician;
  • Ersilio Tonini (San Giorgio Piacentino, 1914 - Ravenna, 2013), cardinal and archbishop, parson of the parish of San Vitale in Salsomaggiore Terme, (1953 - 1968);
  • Bianca Orsi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1915), sculptress;
  • Algiso Toscani (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1920 – 2010), footballer, football coach;
  • Ottorino Davighi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1920-Bormio 1998), archpriest whom inspired the writer Giovannino Guareschi to create the character of Don Camillo;
  • Benigno De Grandi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1924), footballer, sports director;
  • Giulio Ulisse Arata (Piacenza, 1881 – 1962), architect, designed the church of San Vitale in Salsomaggiore Terme;
  • Luigi Bazzoni (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1929 – 2012), movie director and screenwriter;
  • Camillo Bazzoni (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1934), movie director and photography director
  • Chiara_Valentini_(giornalista) (Parma, 1941), journalist;
  • Corrado Corradi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1942), footballer;
  • Vittorio Giacci (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1943), movie critic;
  • Demetrio Stratos (Alessandria d'Egitto, 1945 – New York, 1979), singer, musicologist, musician;
  • Titti Bianchi (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1948), singer;
  • Dino Di Domenico (Magliano dei Marsi, 1949), tenor, in Salsomaggiore Terme since 1981;
  • Andrea Villani (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1960), writer and playwright;
  • Luca Fanfoni (San Secondo Parmense, 1964), violinist;
  • Ettore Bocchia (San Secondo Parmense, 1965), chef, graduated at the Hotel School of Salsomaggiore Terme;
  • Nicola Berti (Salsomaggiore Terme, 1967), footballer;
  • Gianfranco Circati (Fidenza, 1971), footballer, coach, originally fromSalsomaggiore Terme;
  • Daniele Persegani (Cremona, 1972), cook, TV presenter, cuoco graduated at the Hotel School of Salsomaggiore Terme;
  • Gloria Bellicchi (Parma, 1979), ex Miss Italy, actress and runway model, raised in Salsomaggiore Terme.
  • Cristian Grossi, a contemporary artist, designer and fashion illustrator;

Frazioni[edit]

Bargone, Cangelasio, Ceriati, Contignaco-Cella, Costa, Costamarenga, Fornacchia, Gorzano, I Passeri, Longone-Colombaia, Montauro, Pie' di Via, Pieve di Cusignano, Rossi, Salsominore, San Vittore, Scipione Castello, Scipione Ponte, Tabiano Bagni, Tabiano Castello, Tosini, Vascelli.

Twin cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Clima: Salsomaggiore Terme". CLIMATE-DATA.ORG. 

External links and references[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.