Samuel Whalley

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Sir Samuel St. Swithin Burden Whalley (1800[1] – 3 February 1883) was a British Radical politician.

A member of a Lancashire family "of great antiquity", he was the son of Samuel Whalley of Weddington Hall, Warwickshire, and was educated at Clare Hall, Cambridge, gaining his bachelor's degree in 1822 and master's in 1825.[1][2] In 1827 he was knighted, at which date he was living in Devon.[2][3][4][5]

Member of parliament for Marylebone[edit]

By the 1830s Whalley was living in the St John's Wood area of the parish of St Marylebone, a rapidly developing suburb of London.[6] In 1832 Whalley sought to be nominated as a candidate for the newly enfranchised constituency of Marylebone, London.[7] There was opposition to his candidacy as he was virtually unknown in the area. Questions were also raised about the manner in which he had obtained his knighthood, which was felt to have been in exchange for supporting the election of the Tory, Sir Nicholas Tindal as MP for Cambridge University.[6]

Although he failed to be selected on this occasion, a by-election occurred in the following year when one of the sitting members of parliament resigned. He was successfully nominated, and he described himself as "not backed by either church or aristocracy but... the representative of industry". He promised to be a "pure and independent" member, and set out his political views: he was in favour of "a rigid system of economy in all branches of the state" and "a revision of the system of tithes, and the appropriation of the surplus revenues of the church to the education of the people". He also advocated the abolition of slavery, reduction of taxation, destruction of monopolies, a secret ballot, and a three-year parliamentary term.[7][8]

The by-election was held on 20 March 1833, and Whalley secured a convincing win over his Tory opponent. He characterised his election as the "proud aristocracy of the country conquered by the will of the people".[9] He was re-elected at the next general election in 1835.[10] He was a strong supporter of the reforming Municipal Corporations Bill, attacking the attempts of the House of Lords to weaken the legislation.[11][12]

In 1837 he was again returned as member for Marylebone. However, a petition was lodged against his election. In February 1838 an election court declared his election null and void, as he had not been qualified to be a candidate due to an "insufficient estate".[13] Whalley did not contest another election.

Marriages and death[edit]

Whalley was twice married. In 1830 he married Amelia Webb who died in 1835.[1] His second marriage was to the Hon. Harriet Rose Trench, of Moate and Woodlawn, County Galway, Ireland in 1853.[2][3][14] In his later years he lived in Nice, France, and died there on 3 February 1883.[3][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dodd, Charles R (1844). The Peerage Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th edition. London: Whitaker & Co. p. 396.
  2. ^ a b c "Samuel Whalley (WHLY818SS)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b c "Obituary". The Times. 8 February 1883. p. 9.
  4. ^ "The King's Court". The Standard. London. 27 May 1827.
  5. ^ Bulletins and other state intelligence, compiled and arranged from the official documents published in the London gazette. London: HMSO. 1827. p. 103.
  6. ^ a b Brooke, James Williamson (1839). The Democrats of Marylebone. London: Wiliam Jones Cleaver. pp. 186–187.
  7. ^ a b "Marylebone Election". The Times. 13 September 1832. p. 4.
  8. ^ "Marylebone Election". The Times. 10 December 1883. p. 3.
  9. ^ "Marylebone Election". The Times. 21 March 1883. p. 6.
  10. ^ "Members Returned". The Times. 7 January 1835. p. 2.
  11. ^ "No. 19232". The London Gazette. 23 January 1835. p. 121.
  12. ^ "Grand Meeting Of The Marylebone Radicals". The Times. 14 August 1835. p. 4.
  13. ^ "Election Committees. Marylebone". The Times. 22 February 1838. p. 3.
  14. ^ Dodd, Charles R (1855). The Peerage Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland, 15th Edition. London: Whitaker & Co. p. 550.
  15. ^ "Wills and Bequests". Newcastle Courant. 18 May 1883.

[2] His obituary in The Times gives his year of birth as 1799, but other sources give 1800.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir William Horne
Edward Portman
Member of Parliament for Marylebone
1833–1838
With: Sir William Horne 1833–1835
Sir Henry Bulwer 1835–1837
Sir Benjamin Hall 1837–1838
Succeeded by
The Lord Teignmouth
Sir Benjamin Hall