San Pasqual Valley AVA

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San Pasqual Valley AVA
Wine region
Type American Viticultural Area
Year established 1981[1]
Country United States
Part of California, South Coast AVA
Climate region Mediterranean
Total area 9,000 acres (3,642 ha)[2]
Grapes produced Merlot, Sangiovese, Syrah, Viognier[3]

The San Pasqual Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area in northernmost San Diego County, California. It is located in the San Pasqual Valley of the Peninsular Ranges, in Southern California.

San Pasqual Valley was the fourth wine region to be designated an American Viticultural Area when the AVA was created in 1981. The AVA is encroached on by the cities of San Diego, Poway, and Escondido, resulting in relatively high land values and limiting viticultural potential.

Climate[edit]

The AVA belongs to Region IV on the Winkler scale. The climate in this appellation is desert-like but tempered by cool breezes from the Pacific Ocean, with long growing seasons (average temperatures above 50 °F (10 °C) year-round), warm winters with nighttime lows rarely dipping below 35 °F (2 °C), and summers with daily highs rarely exceeding 95 °F (35 °C). With cooler evenings and granite-based soils that drain well, grapes from this area are able to retain their colors and balanced acidity.

Vineyards[edit]

The area is planted with a wide range of Vitis Vinifera with Grenache, Merlot Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo and Viognier being some of the most widely planted.[3] The AVA is defined roughly to include both coasts of San Dieguito River on the east side of I-15, between San Diego and Escondido, up to the elevation of 500 feet.

There is a total of one commercial vineyard in this AVA, named the Orfila Winery.[4] The Ferrara Winery [5] and Cordiano Winery [6] are located in the San Pasqual Valley area, but they are both technically outside the boundaries of the AVA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code of Federal Regulations. "§ 9.25 San Pasqual Valley." Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; Part 9 — American Viticultural Areas; Subpart C — Approved American Viticultural Areas. Retrieved Jan. 23, 2008.
  2. ^ Wine Institute (2008). "American Viticultural Areas by State". Retrieved Jan. 23, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Appellation America (2007). "San Pasqual Valley (AVA): Appellation Description". Retrieved Jan. 23, 2008.
  4. ^ the Orfila Winery
  5. ^ Ferrara Winery
  6. ^ the Cordiano Winery