Sandino, Cuba

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Sandino
Maria la Gorda
Maria la Gorda
Sandino municipality (red) within Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Sandino municipality (red) within
Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 22°04′49.12″N 84°12′21.67″W / 22.0803111°N 84.2060194°W / 22.0803111; -84.2060194Coordinates: 22°04′49.12″N 84°12′21.67″W / 22.0803111°N 84.2060194°W / 22.0803111; -84.2060194
CountryCuba
ProvincePinar del Río
Area
 • Total1,718 km2 (663 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2004)[2]
 • Total39,245
 • Density22.8/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s)+53-82

Sandino is a municipality and town in the Pinar del Río Province of Cuba. The town is located close to the coast and as such, fishing is the main economic resource of this place. It is also the gateway to the Guanahacabibes Peninsula, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

History[edit]

The municipality was named after the Nicaraguan revolutionary, Augusto César Sandino. In January 2019 Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Church in Sandino became the first Catholic church in Cuba to be inaugurated since the Cuban Revolution.[3]

Geography[edit]

Located in the westernmost area of Cuba, the municipality borders with the territories of Guane and Mantua. Its westernmost point is Cape San Antonio (Cabo de San Antonio), on the Guanahacabibes Peninsula.

The municipality includes the hamlets of Babineyes, Bolívar, Cayuco, Cortés, Covadonga, La Bajada, La Conchita, La Fe, La Furnia, La Grifa, Las Martinas, La Yana, Las Tumbas, Los Cayuelos, María la Gorda, Marina Cabo San Antonio, Roncali, San Julián, Santa Barbara, Valle San Juan and Veinte de Mayo.[4]

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Sandino had a population of 39,245.[2] With a total area of 1,718 km2 (663 sq mi),[1] it has a population density of 22.8/km2 (59/sq mi).

Education[edit]

ELAM 10 building

Various high schools (Spanish secundarias) are established in Sandino, with students from San Juan y Martinez, San Luis, all the way to Guane and Isabel Rubio (approximately an area of about 70 kilometres (43 mi)). Sandino is the newest pole of the Cuban university program ELAM (Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina) where the Cuban government has placed many similar medical faculties. Many of the students are from Latin America and Caribbean countries such as Guyana, Argentina, Ecuador, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Bolivia, Peru, Suriname, Dominica, St. Lucia, Belize, Jamaica, Haiti, St. Vincent, Antigua, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Grenada, Barbados and more countries to be expected like Tuvalu and the Philippines.[citation needed] They are part of the new education program of the Escuela Latin Americana de Medicina. There are several campuses located in this municipality. Most only contain people from one country (300 or more students), but there are others such as ELAM 10 that have more than 15 nationalities enrolled. These are however in lesser quantities and have a total of up to 500 students.

Transportation[edit]

Mula in Sandino

There are not many roads in this municipality. And even out of this little number, most roads do not have names. The locations are identified by the farms they lead towards. There are regular buses that frequent the town of Sandino, and straight to several locations as Guane, Isabel Rubio and Pinar del Río. It is not uncommon to see oxcarts, donkey-carts and horse-driven carts. Most people have to walk great distances before they can find viable transportation. Hitchhiking is very common in these areas.

In the village of La Fé starts the national road Carretera Central, passing also through Sandino.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  2. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  3. ^ "Cubans inaugurate first new Catholic church in decades". Arab News. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  4. ^ 2575075 (x a j h) Sandino on OpenStreetMap

External links[edit]