Santa Cruz, Goa
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Santa Cruz (meaning holy cross in Portuguese) is the largest village in Goa with a population of 21,000 people all from different religions and also from different parts of India. Geographically, it is situated in the North Goa district and it is bounded northwards with Panjim, the capital city of the state of Goa, its other neighbours being the Merces village is to its east, Bambolim to its south and Taleigao to its west, as shown in the map. This village is sub-divided into 11 wards, each of which has its own individuality within the village.
Santa Cruz has several places of interest, Almacho Khuris (Souls Cross),Char Khabbe (Four Pillars), Saint Anthony's Chapel, and its disappearing Salt pans (Mithagar or Mithache agor) form a part of the reclaimed waterlogged khazan lands, which are also utilised for aquaculture, pisciculture and agriculture.
Santa Cruz shares a border, in the northwest, with Taleigao village, and had an unusual story of how boundary dispute was settled. The Taleigaokars accusing the Calaporkars of encroaching into their territory (there, valuable rice paddy fields), to the communities agreed to consult an oracle to settle the boundary dispute. The night before the oracle was to be consulted, the Calaporkas dug a hole on the border and lowered a wooden coffin containing one of their men, "the patriotic Calaporkar", who could breathe through a tube, then covered the hole. So on the next day, when the time of decision arrived, both village leaders implored the oracle to answer their prayer. A long silence prevailed. The villagers communidade leaders kept repeating in turns “To whom does this land belong?” And from the depths of the earth a faint voice replied: “Calapor!Calapor!Calapor!” to the smartly executed plan of pseudo joy and pseudo exultation of the Calaporkars who pretended their surprise. The deceived Taleigaokars accepted the oracle verdict and went home west surprised, sad and frustrated,. The Calaporkars also had to go home and had to return to dig “the patriotic Calaporkar.” Everyone in Calapor merried the whole night with caju feni- and the few who had secretly plotted this activity totally forgot the proud patriotic villager inside the coffin! as they were drunk with caju feni. The Calapor villagers returned on the third day to the disputed territorial location to dig up the coffin, only to observe that the poor man had already died. In the coffin, they found mostly crawling worms. As a symbol of self punishment, to find a smart solution for a smart boundary disputed settlement they decided to remember the deceased human who was the patriotic Calaporkar. Hence, each villager took worms and tied a worm on right side of his hip string which held his Tambdi (red) kasti/Cashti ( LoinCloth ) in place (this coined the phrase “Bhenddak Kiddo” or “waist worm” ), Goa is a land of Tambdi Mathi (red mud/soil) and Tambdi Kasti (red loincloth in the bygone days). On the very location, tradition says, stands “Almacho Khuris” ( Soul’s Cross ) which faces the Santa Cruz Church, Ilhas, Goa. The concrete Almacho Khuris monument about 10’ tall commemorates the boundary disputes triumph and tragedy after Christianity replaced traditional symbols. Hence, every Calaporkar villager is referred to as “Bhenddak Kiddo.” The Almacho Khuris is a historic border dispute monument which lies on a Bandh between villages of Santa Cruz and Taleigao.
The Four Pillars or the ‘Char Khambe’which are painted white  (dislayed at 4:58 min in video) as they call it in Konkani, are located in the Khazan lands on the old Santa Cruz - Panjim roads in the marshy area of the Rio de Ourem (Portuguese for River of Gold). The “Khazan land” means low land situated near creeks or river side which is normally below high tide level; is situated on the St Cruz stretch. The area is surrounded by rice paddy fields on both the sides (north and south). It is one of the busiest roads in Panjim. With the hustle bustle all day long, the four pillars about 15’ tall each, two on each side of the road may appear to be just another structure. Physically, the site act as a buffer between the hectic urban environment of city of Panjim and the serene village environs of Santa Cruz. The place, is part of the unique Goan landscape, is very fragile and irreplaceable in nature and any thoughtless human intervention can cause drastic and irreparable consequential damage in the long run. The site is a low-lying tidal flood plain and is part of the natural drainage pattern during the rainy season on account of the surrounding topography. The marshy wetland is a host to mangrove vegetation which plays a definite role in the maintenance of vital ecological balance. The place is also a popular habitat to a wide variety of local and migratory birds and is a bird-watcher's delight. It is quite common to find researchers and bird lovers from distant countries here, with their trained cameras. This place finds mention on the Internet along with the Karmali lake, Chorao, Mayem lake and others in Goa. But for the locals here, they aren’t just structures. There are sluice gates at this structure, which controlled the flow of marine water for the salt pans which are on the south. The north area is an estuary with plenty of flora and fauna. This area is reportedly haunted with the haunting at its peak on full moon nights. According to the commuters who have traveled via the stretch, there is an eerie feeling that prevails at the spot. They have also reported of sighting some apparitions in the nights. Locals say that the area is jinxed and cursed and is one reason for the numerous accidents taking place here. Others sightings include a lady dressed in a white saree and supposedly asking for a lift. People also claim of hearing cries and have even had a sudden breaking down of bikes as soon as they reach the Char Khambe.
A unique organizational structure called comunidade, headed by a hereditary descendant, involves in governing villages and regulating the agricultural activities in Goan villages. Each village constitutes a comunidade and has its own rules depending on the local customs. This is one of the oldest administrative setup, which is in existence for the past thousand years and has been recognized by the constitution. In the past, comunidade was responsible for reclaiming the waterlogged lands (khazans) along the coasts and making them suitable for agricultural activities, aquaculture, pisciculture and salt production.
- De Souza, Savio. "THE COMUNIDADES OF GOA". Retrieved 1 Jan 2015.
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3543363/. Missing or empty