Santa María Ixcatlán
|Santa María Ixcatlan|
|Municipality and town|
|• Total||201.58 km2 (77.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,840 m (6,040 ft)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
The municipality has an area of 201.58 km2 at an elevation of 1,840 meters above sea level. In the settled areas the climate is hot and humid with abundant rainfall in summer. Other areas are arid with little rainfall. Trees include morillo, oak and juniper, and fruit-bearing peach, apricot, pomegranates, figs and hawthorn. Local birds include chachalaca, quail, dove, sparrow, goldfinch, orioles, hawks and eagles. Wild life includes coyote, fox, wild cat, wild boar, badger, rattlesnake, coral snake, lizards and scorpions.
As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 573 of whom 37 people spoke an indigenous language. The town is the only one inhabited by speakers of the Ixcatec language. According to the Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, there were only 8 speakers of the Ixcateco (Xwja) language in 2008. Most of the population is engaged in cultivation of maize, beans, wheat and barley, and also in manufacture of artisan products made from palms. There is small-scale animal husbandry of goat, cattle, horses and donkeys. Mezcal is produced in the village.
- "Santa María Ixcatlan". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
- "Quedan ocho hablantes de "xwja" o "ixcateco" en comunidad oaxaqueña". Fundación Telefónica. Retrieved 2010-07-21.