Santiago Sacatepéquez

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Santiago Sacatepéquez
Townhall of Santiago Sacatépéquez
Townhall of Santiago Sacatépéquez
Santiago Sacatepéquez is located in Guatemala
Santiago Sacatepéquez
Santiago Sacatepéquez
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°39′11″N 90°39′09″W / 14.65306°N 90.65250°W / 14.65306; -90.65250
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Sacatepéquez Department
Government[1]
 • Mayor (2016-2020) Juan Carlos Barrios Rodríguez (Convergencia Social Santiago)
Climate Cwb
Santiago Sacatepéquez kite festival, 2007

Santiago Sacatepéquez (Spanish pronunciation: [sanˈtjaɣo sakateˈpekes]) is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Sacatepéquez. It is well known for a kite festival held here annually on November 1.

History[edit]

Santiago Sacatepéquez is located in a valley that the Spanish conquistadores called "de Sacatepéquez" (English: Valle of Sacatepéquez) in the 1520s.[2] That valley was bordered by the valley of Xilotepeque on the West, those of Mixco and las Vacas on the North, and by the Chiquimula province and the South and East.[3] The town was described as a rich town with several hundred families and as having "cold climate" by Irish friar Thomas Gage in his 1548 book about his travels through America in the 1620s and 1630s.[4]

In the 1540s, bishop Francisco Marroquín split the ecclesiastical administration of the central valley of Guatemala between the Order of Preachers and the Franciscans, assigning Sumpango's curato to the former.[5] In 1638, the Dominicans separated their large doctrines in groups revolving around six convents:

Order of Preachers convents and doctrines in 1638
Convent Doctrines or curatos Convent Doctrines or curatos
Guatemala Amatitlán
Verapaz
Sonsonate
  • Nahuizalco
  • Tacuxcalco[6]
San Salvador
  • Apastepeque
  • Chontales
  • Cojutepeque
  • Cuscatlán
  • Milpas Bajas
  • Tonacatepeque
Sacapulas

Ecclesiastic historian Domingo Juarros wrote that in 1754, by virtue of a royal order of the borbon reforms of king Carlos III all curatos and doctrines of the regular clergy were moved on to the secular clergy.[7] Also, in 1766 the Chimaltenango and Sacatepéquez municipalities tried to join, but it did not work out and they remained split until after independence from Spain in 1821.[8]

Education[edit]

Education percentages
Level Male Female
Preschool 52.2 % 51.7 %
Elementary 93.1 % 93.5 %
Junior high 33.9 % 28.0 %
High school 1.6 % 1.2 %
Illiteracy by gender
Male Female
89.8% 73.8%
Illiteracy human settlements[a]
Urban population Rural population
25% 53%

Climate[edit]

Santiago Sacatepéquez has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Santiago Sacatepéquez
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
22.7
(72.9)
23.5
(74.3)
22.5
(72.5)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.6
(70.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
21.31
(70.35)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
15.5
(59.9)
16.6
(61.9)
17.7
(63.9)
17.5
(63.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.7
(62.1)
16.9
(62.4)
16.6
(61.9)
16.0
(60.8)
15.4
(59.7)
14.9
(58.8)
16.29
(61.33)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.6
(49.3)
10.5
(50.9)
11.9
(53.4)
12.6
(54.7)
13.0
(55.4)
12.5
(54.5)
12.3
(54.1)
12.4
(54.3)
11.8
(53.2)
10.6
(51.1)
9.6
(49.3)
11.33
(52.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.28)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
39
(1.54)
132
(5.2)
290
(11.42)
231
(9.09)
204
(8.03)
268
(10.55)
146
(5.75)
37
(1.46)
9
(0.35)
1,373
(54.07)
Source: Climate-Data.org[9]

Geographic location[edit]

Santiago Sacatepéquez qualitative map.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Illiterary percentage for people older than 15 years old is 28% with a population of 5274 people younger than 15 year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alcaldes electos en el departamento de Sacatepéquez". Municipalidades de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. 8 September 2015. Archived from the original on October 28, 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 301.
  3. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 344.
  4. ^ Gage 2014, p. 225.
  5. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 336.
  6. ^ Belaubre 2001, p. 39.
  7. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 338.
  8. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 334.
  9. ^ "Climate: Santiago Sacatepéquez". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  10. ^ Santiatio Sacatepéquez
  11. ^ a b SEGEPLAN. "Municipios de Sacatepéquez, Guatemala". Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]