Muhammad Raza Khan (judge)
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|Sardar Muhammad Raza Khan
سردار محمد رضا خان
|Chief Election Commissioner Election Commission|
4 December 2014
|Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan|
10 January 2002 – 9 February 2010
|Nominated by||Pervez Musharraf|
|Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court|
28 April 2000 – 9 January 2002
|Nominated by||Mohammad Rafiq Tarar|
|Justice Peshawar High Court|
14 December 1993 – 27 April 2000
|Nominated by||Mohammad Farooq Leghari|
10 February 1945 |
Sardar Muhammad Raza Khan (Urdu: سردار محمد رضا خان) is the current Chief Election Commissioner and a retired judge on the Supreme Court of Pakistan and former Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court. He was born in the Namli Maira village in the district of Abbottabad on 10 February 1945.
Education and training
Khan belongs to the prominent Karlal tribe in Abbotabad. After graduating from the Government College of Abbottabad, Khan received a master's degree in economics from Punjab University through the Forman Christian College University in Lahore. He received a LL.B. degree from the same university in 1967. In 1985, Khan visited the United States to study the American legal system. In 1999 he attended a three-month training course in Tokyo, "Corruption Among Public Officials". In June 2004, Khan visited Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in connection with an international seminar on "Human Rights and Independence on the Judiciary in the Islamic and Non-Islamic Judicial Systems". In 2006 he visited Dhaka, Bangladesh for a conference on the criminal judicial system.
Khan joined PCS (Judicial Branch) in 1970 after passing a competitive examination held in 1968–69, and was appointed Senior Civil Judge in 1973. In 1976 he was appointed an Additional District and Sessions Judge, and District and Sessions Judge in 1979. Khan was Judicial Commissioner for Northern Areas for over four years, and was appointed Special Judge Customs Taxation and Anti Smuggling in 1992–93. He was named to the Peshawar High Court on 14 December 1993, and confirmed in June 1995.
On 28 April 2000, Khan took the oath of office as Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court. He was named to the Supreme Court of Pakistan, and took the oath of office on 10 January 2002. After refusing to take an oath on a Provisional Constitutional Order on 3 November 2007, he and eleven other judges were removed from the Supreme Court. On 19 September 2008, after a democratically elected government came to power, Khan was reinstated to the court with his seniority intact.
On 28 September 2007, a nine-member Supreme Court of Pakistan bench, in a split 6–3 verdict, held that a petition challenging Pervez Musharraf's candidacy for a second term as president was invalid. Khan, head of bench Rana Bhagwandas and Mian Shakirullah Jan dissented with the majority opinion. Declaring the petition invalid were Javed Iqbal, Abdul Hameed Dogar, M. Javed Buttar, Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi, Faqir Muhammad Khokhar and Falak Sher.
He singularly dissented in a 13 to 1 verdict of the Supreme Court, holding that judges of the superior judiciary should not be condemned unheard; that they should not be proceeded against for contempt; that such notices issued be withdrawn.
In another case, in his separate note, he held that all beneficiaries of NRO be dealt with equality and without discrimination; that the monitoring cell constituted within the supreme court is unprecedented, and the court should take action only when violation of its order is complained by any aggrieved party.
- "Sardar Raza Khan takes oath as new CEC". The News Islamabad. December 6, 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- Law, Justice & Human Rights Division. Government of Pakistan
- Supreme Court Report Golden Jubilee Edition 2006
- Supreme Court Annual Report 2004
- "Majority of Pak judges refuse to take oath under new PCO". Thaindian News. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
- "Four deposed judges inducted into SC". The News (Pakistan). 20 September 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
- Nasir Iqbal (29 September 2007). "The day of the General: -Musharraf to run for president in uniform – Petitioners, lawyers leaders livid". DAWN (Pakistan). Retrieved 3 April 2009.
Mian Mohammad Ajmal
|Chief Justice of Peshawar High Court
28 April 2000 – 9 January 2002
Mian Shakirullah Jan