Sarmiento, Chubut

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Sarmiento
Town
In the petrified forest
In the petrified forest
Sarmiento is located in Argentina
Sarmiento
Sarmiento
Location of Sarmiento in Argentina
Coordinates: 45°36′S 69°5′W / 45.600°S 69.083°W / -45.600; -69.083Coordinates: 45°36′S 69°5′W / 45.600°S 69.083°W / -45.600; -69.083
Country  Argentina
Province Chubut
Department Sarmiento
Population
 • Total 8,292
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base U9020
Dialing code +54 297

Sarmiento is a town in the province of Chubut, Argentina. It has about 8,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the head town of the department of the same name. It is located on the so-called Central Corridor of Patagonia, in a fertile valley amidst an otherwise arid region, 140 km west from Comodoro Rivadavia, in the south of Chubut. It sits between two lakes, Lake Musters and Lake Colhue Huapi. Notable attractions are the Petrified Forest and caves with Aborigine hand paintings.

History[edit]

Sarmiento was born as a colony of immigrants, mainly from Wales (see y Wladfa). In the early 1900s it also experienced an influx of immigrants from Lithuania.

In 1900, Argentine authority was locally established when the Swedish former sailor Oscar Lundqwist, who had been appointed police commissioner to Sarmiento, set up the first "comisaría" ever in Sarmiento. It was situated next to "Las Tres Casas" where the Jones families from Wales and the Briton Pryce lived.

In 1903, 600 Afrikaner families arrived in Argentina following the loss of the Second Boer War. They settled in the region as it had access to water unlike the coastal city of Comodoro Rivadavia where they first settled. The descendants of these colonists make up a large portion of the population of Sarmiento and still speak Afrikaans and attend the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk ("Dutch Reformed Church") to this day. As recently as the 1960s Afrikaans was the most commonly spoken language however this has changed as the town's Afrikaans population has become more assimilated into Argentinian culture and society.[1]

In 2016, an important fossil dinosaur was discovered near the town. It is named Sarmientosaurus musacchio in honor of the town and of the late Dr. Eduardo Musacchio, a paleontologist and professor at the National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco. [2]

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Sarmiento has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) that closely borders on a cold desert climate with warm summers and cool winters.[3] The coldest temperature at low elevation ever recorded in South America, −32.8 °C (−27.0 °F), was recorded in Sarmiento on June 1, 1907.[4] Precipitation is low, averaging only 183 millimetres (7 in) per year.

Climate data for Sarmiento, Chubut (1941–1950)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
33.4
(92.1)
26.8
(80.2)
22.0
(71.6)
20.0
(68)
16.5
(61.7)
19.7
(67.5)
23.3
(73.9)
29.0
(84.2)
32.0
(89.6)
35.8
(96.4)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
24.4
(75.9)
21.5
(70.7)
17.3
(63.1)
12.0
(53.6)
9.0
(48.2)
8.8
(47.8)
10.4
(50.7)
14.2
(57.6)
18.8
(65.8)
21.2
(70.2)
23.8
(74.8)
17.2
(63)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
16.8
(62.2)
14.2
(57.6)
11.0
(51.8)
7.3
(45.1)
4.7
(40.5)
4.1
(39.4)
5.0
(41)
8.1
(46.6)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
10.8
(51.4)
8.8
(47.8)
5.9
(42.6)
3.2
(37.8)
1.0
(33.8)
0.2
(32.4)
0.6
(33.1)
3.1
(37.6)
6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
−12.4
(9.7)
−32.8
(−27)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−10.7
(12.7)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.2
(36)
−32.8
(−27)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
11
(0.43)
19
(0.75)
15
(0.59)
28
(1.1)
14
(0.55)
24
(0.94)
14
(0.55)
14
(0.55)
5
(0.2)
18
(0.71)
9
(0.35)
183
(7.2)
Average relative humidity (%) 42 43 47 56 65 71 69 61 52 44 41 38 52.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 270 232 214 171 133 99 121 171 183 226 234 260 2,314
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial,[5] World Meteorological Organization (June record low only)[4]
Source #2: Danish Meteorological Institute (sun and relative humidity)[6]
Climate data for Sarmiento Aeroclub (1993–2013)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
23.0
(73.4)
19.0
(66.2)
18.5
(65.3)
19.0
(66.2)
27.0
(80.6)
30.0
(86)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95)
38.0
(100.4)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
32.6
(90.7)
29.4
(84.9)
24.5
(76.1)
19.8
(67.6)
14.6
(58.3)
15.0
(59)
16.5
(61.7)
20.7
(69.3)
24.8
(76.6)
28.1
(82.6)
30.9
(87.6)
34.7
(94.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
18.1
(64.6)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
7.5
(45.5)
4.1
(39.4)
3.7
(38.7)
5.7
(42.3)
8.8
(47.8)
12.3
(54.1)
14.8
(58.6)
17.7
(63.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
5.5
(41.9)
2.8
(37)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.7
(33.3)
3.4
(38.1)
5.6
(42.1)
−9.3
(15.3)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.0
(12.2)
−12.5
(9.5)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
−19.0
(−2.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.6
(0.26)
10.6
(0.417)
15.2
(0.598)
11.8
(0.465)
24.9
(0.98)
23.0
(0.906)
14.4
(0.567)
16.4
(0.646)
13.9
(0.547)
11.0
(0.433)
10.4
(0.409)
5.5
(0.217)
163.7
(6.445)
Source: Ministerio del Interior, Obras Públicas y Vivienda[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hunt, Ricky (4 February 2011). "The last Boers of Patagonia". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "Sarmientosaurus Was a 10-Ton Dinosaur With a Plum-Sized Brain" http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/27/science/dinosaurs-titanosaurs-argentina.html
  3. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "World Meteorological Organization Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive". Arizona State University. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Argentina - Sarmiento" (in Spanish). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. "Argentina - Sarmiento (pg 17)" (PDF). Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931-1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 27, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Red Hidrologica Nacional-Publicaciones Hidrometeorológicas Edición 2014" (in Spanish). Ministerio del Interior, Obras Públicas y Vivienda. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 

References[edit]

  • Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
  • Colonia Sarmiento — Official website (includes tourist information in English).