Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin Al-Maridi Al-Adui
سعود بن محمد
Emir of Diriyah
Predecessor Muhammad ibn Muqrin Al-Maridi Al-Adui
Successor Muhammad bin Saud
Born 1640
Diriyah
Died 1725
Diriyah
Issue
Full name
Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin Al-Maridi Al-Adui
Dynasty House of Saud
Father Muhammad ibn Muqrin
Religion Sunni Islam

Sheikh Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin (Arabic: سعود بن محمد آل مقرن‎, died 1725)[1] was the eponymous ancestor of the House of Saud, otherwise known as the Al-Saud.

He was from the family of Al Mouqrin (or Al Muqrin, Al Moqrin, Al Mogren) a family that traces its origin to the Arabian tribe of 'Amir ibn Saasaa.[2] He was the leader of the oasis of Dariya from 1720 to 1725.[3] He was also the ancestor of Ibn Saud, founder of modern Saudi Arabia.

The Al-Saud originated as a leading family in a town called Diriyah, close to the modern city of Riyadh, near the center of Najd. Sometime in the early 16th century, ancestors of Saud bin Muhammad took over some date groves, one of the few forms of agriculture the area could support, and settled there. Over time, the groves grew into a small town, and the clan came to be recognized as its leaders.[4]

Two decades after his death, Saud's son Muhammad ibn Saud (died 1765) made his historic pact with Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (died 1792), leading to their conquest of Arabia and the First Saudi State. Sheikh Muhammad's patronymic "ibn Saud" eventually gave the clan its name of "Al-Saud".

He also had sons called Thunayyan, Mishari, and Farhan.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pike, John. "King Abdul Aziz Bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud". Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  2. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/1329
  3. ^ Enzyklopädie des Islam
  4. ^ Saud Wahhabi Archived 2016-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. at au.af.mil
  5. ^ "Royal Family Directory". www.datarabia.com.