Mani' ibn Rabi'a al-Muraydi

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Mani' ibn Rabi'a al-Muraydi (Arabic: مانع بن ربيعة المريدي‎) is the oldest known ancestor of the House of Al Sa'ud, which currently rules in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.[1][2] He is thought to be a descendant of Banu Hanifa, one of the tribes of Banu Bakr ibn Wa'il of Rabi'ah of the Adnanites; also called the North Arabians. His original residence was the village of al-Duru', near the town of al-Qatif on the East Arabia coast.[1]

In 1446, he visited his relative Ibn Dir'a in the village of Manfuha, near the city of Hajr (Riyadh) in Central Arabia. Mani' ibn Rabi'a later acquired land in Ghusayba and al-Mulaybeed,[2] later merged and developed into a city called Diriyah, which became the forerunner of this family's territory.[1]

Between 1654 and 1726, there was a fierce rivalry between the family's branches, namely Al Watban (descendants of Watban ibn Rabi'a) against Al Miqrin (descendants of Miqrin ibn Markhan), as well as wars against other rulers around Diriyah.[2] The Al Miqrin branch under the leadership of Muhammad ibn Saud finally managed to consolidate power, by forging a close fellowship with Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, to form the First Saudi State which manifested in 1744.[2][3]

Genealogy[edit]

Mani' al-Muraydi
Rabi'a
Musa
Ibrahim
Markhan
Rabi'aMuqrin
WatbanMuhammadMarkhan
IdrisIbrahimMarkhanRabi'aNasirSaud
ZaidMusaMuhammad
(Emir of First
Saudi State
)
ThunayanMishari
Abd al-Aziz
(Emir of First
Saudi State
)
AbdallahIbrahimAbdul Rahman
Sa'ud
(Emir of First
Saudi State
)
Turki
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
ThunayanMishari
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Abdullah
(Emir of First
Saudi State
)
Khalid
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Faisal
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Abdullah
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Abdullah
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Saud
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Abdul Rahman
(Emir of Second
Saudi State
)
Abdulaziz
(Emir of Third
Saudi State
)
Saud
(King of Third
Saudi State
)
Faisal
(King of Third
Saudi State
)
Khalid
(King of Third
Saudi State
)
Fahd
(King of Third
Saudi State
)
Abdullah
(King of Third
Saudi State
)
Salman
(King of Third
Saudi State
)

[2]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nadav Samin (2015). Of Sand or Soil: Genealogy and Tribal Belonging in Saudi Arabia. Princeton University Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-4008-7385-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e James Wynbrandt (2010). A Brief History of Saudi Arabia (berilustrasi ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 0-8160-7876-9, 9780816078769.
  3. ^ Anthony H. Cordesman (2003). Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century: The Political, Foreign Policy, Economic, and Energy Dimensions. 2 (berilustrasi ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-275-97998-0.