Savka Dabčević-Kučar

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Savka Dabčević-Kučar
Savka Dabcevic Kucar.jpg
Savka Dabčević-Kučar in 2007
5th President of the Executive Council of SR Croatia
In office
11 May 1967 – 8 May 1969
PresidentJakov Blažević
Preceded byMika Špiljak
Succeeded byDragutin Haramija
6th Secretary of the League of Communists of Croatia
In office
May 1969 – December 1971 (deposed)
PresidentJakov Blažević
Prime MinisterDragutin Haramija
Preceded byVladimir Bakarić
Succeeded byMilka Planinc
1st President of the Croatian People's Party
In office
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byRadimir Čačić
Personal details
Savka Dabčević

(1923-12-06)6 December 1923
Korčula (Korčula), Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (present-day Croatia)
Died6 August 2009(2009-08-06) (aged 85)
Zagreb, Croatia
Political partyLeague of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ); Croatian People's Party (HNS)

Savka Dabčević-Kučar (6 December 1923 – 6 August 2009) was a Croatian communist politician. She was one of the most influential Croatian female politicians during the communist period, especially during the Croatian Spring when she was deposed. She returned to politics during the early days of Croatian independence as the leader of the Coalition of People's Accord and the Croatian People's Party. From 1967 to 1969 she served as the Chairman of the 5th Executive Council (Prime Minister) of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, one of eight constituent republics and autonomous provinces of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. She was the first woman in Europe to be appointed head of government of a political entity and the first female in the post-World War II Croatia to hold an office equivalent to a head of government.

Early life[edit]

Savka Dabčević was born in Korčula, then in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, today in Croatia, to the notable Croatian family of Dabčević, originally from Boka Kotorska. During World War II, she was a partisan, until 1943 when she went to El Shatt as refugee. After the war she studied economics at Zagreb university. She married Ante Kučar in 1951.

Dabčević-Kučar came into the public spotlight in the late 1960s as a member of a younger and more reformist generation of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia leaders. With the tacit blessing of Josip Broz Tito, she and Miko Tripalo became the leaders of the League of Communists of Croatia. In 1967 she became the President of the Executive Council (Prime Minister) of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, a constituent republic of SFR Yugoslavia, giving her the distinction of being the first female head of government of a political entity in Europe.


In the late 1960s, the party adopted a new course demanding greater autonomy for Croatia within Yugoslavia and freedoms for the people. Her policy, propagated through mass rallies, became a movement later called the Croatian Spring, being one of the '68 student revolutions. Consequently, Dabčević-Kučar became one of the most popular political leaders at the time, being affectionately called "Savka, queen of Croatians".

Not everyone was happy with the new course. Open manifestations of Croatian nationalism created tensions in ethnically mixed areas, which served as an argument for the Yugoslav People's Army and more conservative elements of the party who wanted the movement suppressed. At the same time, the Croatian leadership was also challenged by a student movement with even more radical demands.

In December 1971 Tito held a party leadership conference in Karađorđevo, Serbia, and publicly turned against the Croatian Spring in the form of "comradely critic", (an internal communist way to openly criticize its party members when they, according to majority opinion, do not follow "the party line"). This led to Dabčević-Kučar's response to the critic, (published in newspapers during December) in which she accepted all criticism except those intended to show her as nationalist, and enemy of the socialist self-governing system, to which she publicly expressed loyalty. She resigned from the Central Committee of the Croatian Communist Party and, ultimately, from public life. She was replaced by Milka Planinc.

When multi-party democracy finally arrived in Croatia, Dabčević-Kučar and Tripalo returned to the public stage, using their long-accumulated reputation. They refused to endorse a single party, and instead initiated the formation of a broad coalition of the moderate middle, called the Coalition of People's Accord. The coalition failed to make a major impact at the 1990 elections, with most opting for Franjo Tuđman and his Croatian Democratic Union party.

With the coalition falling apart, Dabčević-Kučar and Tripalo formed their own party, the Croatian People's Party (HNS), in late 1990. This new party was intended to attract moderates and had high hopes for the 1992 presidential and parliamentary elections, being perceived as the strongest opposition party in Croatia.

As a presidential candidate Savka Dabčević trailed third behind Dražen Budiša. The HNS refused to form coalitions with other opposition parties, allowing the ruling Croatian Democratic Union to win some constituencies with less than fifth of all votes. With the party humiliated, and nearly bankrupt after a lavish but ineffective campaign, the aging Dabčević-Kučar left the party leadership to the younger Radimir Čačić.

Personal life[edit]

She died in Zagreb at the age of 85. She was an agnostic.[1]


  1. ^ "Odlazak Savke Dapčević Kučar". Retrieved 8 June 2017.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mika Špiljak
Prime Minister of Croatia
Succeeded by
Dragutin Haramija
Party political offices
Preceded by
Vladimir Bakarić
Secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Croatia
Succeeded by
Milka Planinc
Preceded by
Position created
President of the Croatian People's Party
Succeeded by
Radimir Čačić