Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy
|Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy|
Gulabzoy (centre) leading an Afghan delegation to the Soviet Union
|Member of the House of the People
for Khost Province
7 December 2005
|Minister of Internal Affairs|
28 December 1979 – 15 November 1988
|Preceded by||Faqir Mohammad Faqir|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Aslam Watanjar|
|Minister of Communications|
8 July 1978 – 15 September 1979
|Preceded by||Mohammad Aslam Watanjar|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Zarif|
Khost Province, Afghanistan
|Political party||People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan|
An ethnic Pashtun from the Zadran tribe, Gulabzoy was born in Paktia Province. An Air Force mechanic by training, he studied at the Air Force college. As an air force officer, he supported Daoud Khan's 1973 coup d'état which overthrew King Zahir Shah, for which he was rewarded with the position of Aide to the Air Force Commander. In 1976, he went to the Soviet Union to study radar technology.
He was recruited into the Khalq faction of the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan by Hafizullah Amin. He held only a minor role in the Saur Revolution of 1978, which brought the PDPA to power. Following the coup, he was appointed aide to President Nur Muhammad Taraki, and later Minister of Communications. As internal struggles grew within the communist regime, he distanced himself from Amin, and joined a group of officers(the "gang of four") plotting against Amin, which also included Aslam Watanjar and Assadullah Sarwari. When their coup failed, the conspirators took refuge in the Soviet embassy on September 14, 1979. In December 1979, Gulabzoy and his allies assisted the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by serving as guides to the invading Soviet troops.
During the invasion, Soviet forces killed Amin and installed Parcham leader Babrak Karmal in power. Karmal was forced to compose with the rival Khalq faction, as many key posts in the military were still occupied by Khalqis. As a conciliatory measure, Gulabzoy, a prominent Khalqi, was appointed Minister of Interior. As such he was placed in command of the Sarandoy ("Defenders of the Revolution"), a heavily armed paramilitary gendarmerie force.
In November 1988, amid renewed tensions between Khalq and Parcham, he was removed from his post and sent to Moscow as ambassador by Parchami president Mohammad Najibullah. He was rumoured to have proposed himself to the Soviets as a potential replacement for Najibullah. In March 1990, following an unsuccessful coup attempt by General Shahnawaz Tanai, Gulabzoy was expelled from the party, along with other Khalqis.
Alleged KGB Connection
According to the Mitrokhnin archives Gulabzoy was a KGB agent code-named momand.
- Amstutz, J. Bruce (1986). Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation. Diane publishing. p. 388. ISBN 978-0-7881-1111-2.
- Kakar, Hassan M. (1995). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 185 and 315. ISBN 978-0-520-20893-3.
- Urban, Mark (1990). War in Afghanistan. London: Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 46 and 182. ISBN 0-333-51477-7.
- Urban, p.259
- Maley, William (2002). The Afghanistan Wars. Palgrave MacMillan. p. 173. ISBN 0-333-80291-8.
- "Profile: Khost Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-01-31. mirror
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