Scaeva pyrastri

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Scaeva pyrastri
Hoverfly January 2008-8.jpg
Male
Hoverfly December 2007-6.jpg
Female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Scaeva
Species: S. pyrastri
Binomial name
Scaeva pyrastri
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms[1][2]

Scaeva pyrastri, common name the pied hoverfly, is a species of hoverfly.[3]

Distribution[edit]

These hoverflies are present in most of Europe, in the Near East, in the East Palearctic ecozone, in Nearctic ecozone, in North Africa and in the Oriental ecozone.[4]

Description[edit]

Scaeva pyrastri can reach a length of 11–15 millimetres (0.43–0.59 in).[5][6] This large distinctive fly has three pairs of white comma markings (lunules) on the abdomen,[5] these are yellow on Scaeva selenitica.

Larva of Scaeva pyrastri

The face is yellow, with reddish brown antennae. The eyes are covered with hair. Scutellum is brown yellow. The legs are red with a black base of the femur. The male's eyes do touch in the centre of the frons, while in the females they are separated.

The larvae are light green or sometimes pink, with a white dorsal longitudinal stripe.[6][7]

Habitat and behavior[edit]

This species can be found in gardens, meadows and wasteland.[8] Adults are common visitors to flowers of Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), but also of rape, honeysuckle and daisies. They fly from April to September, with the peak in July and August.[5][8] The larvae feed on different aphid species.[7] During the larval stages they may consume over 500 aphids.[6]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gerald Bothe: Schwebfliegen. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg 1996.
  • Joachim and Hiroko Haupt: Fliegen und Mücken: Beobachtung, Lebensweise. Naturbuch-Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-89440-278-4.
  • Kurt Kormann: Schwebfliegen und Blasenkopffliegen Mitteleuropas. Fauna Verlag, Nottuln 2003, ISBN 3-935980-29-9.
  • R. Bugg et al. 2008. - Flower Flies (Syrphidae) and other biological control agents for aphids in vegetable crops - UC ANR Publication 8285.
  • Thompson F.C., Pape T., Evenhuis N.L. (2013) Systema Dipterorum

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biolib
  2. ^ ITIS
  3. ^ Stubbs, Alan E. & Falk, Steven J. (1983). British Hoverflies: An Illustrated Identification Guide. British Entomological & Natural History Society. pp. 253, xvpp. 
  4. ^ Fauna europaea
  5. ^ a b c Nature in NRW
  6. ^ a b c Bugguide
  7. ^ a b Aramel.free
  8. ^ a b Nature Spot